• Comparative analysis of corporate and individual enterprise in the settlement of early America

      Johnson, Nancy L.
      This Capstone Project compares and analyzes the methods used by groups and individuals to establish and sustain the early American settlements of Jamestown, Plymouth, and Massachusetts Bay. Corporate and individual enterprise were used by English settlers attempting to locate and survive in the New World wilderness Settlers adopted a variety of methods ranging from capitalism to communism. Individuals often found it necessary to form corporate entities whose cooperative methods ranged from stock holding to community of goods. Common property was an extreme measure but a means to an end to assure survival. Through attempts to colonize America in the late 1500's, Queen Elizabeth learned that substantial capital was needed to establish and sustain early American colonization. Joint-stock companies were created to assemble the essential capital. The Virginia Company that established Jamestown and Plymouth set up systems of common property in which many settlers accepted the restricted status of indentured servants in order to see the colony develop. Although the theme of the individual versus the corporate community is strong in these early settlements, another theme evolves. Materialistic and ideological factors become driving forces in this historical evolution of early America. Materialistic forces eventually influenced ideological forces in Jamestown, Plymouth, and Massachusetts Bay. A sociocultural evolution took place as the individuals within these colonies adapted to achieve their material requirements. The mode of production, whether farming, tobacco planting, or mercantilism, influenced the general character of the social, political, and spiritual processes of life in these early American colonies. Empirical evidence in this analysis will show that collective, corporate, including communal, arrangements were the springboard to successful early settlement of English America. Whether settlers held economic or religious motives for settlement in North America, European colonization was largely due to the cooperative activity of the mercantile and capitalist classes in England. The corporate phase of colonization, as under the Virginia Company and Massachusetts Bay Company, was often short-lived. Eventually, private initiatives were responsible for the greatest number of English settlements in America.
    • Effects of economic change on Chinese values and worldview

      Gogel, Attilia Landini
      The introduction of a commodity economy has altered Chinese society profoundly and permanently. The evolving process that brought China to the present economic resolution finds roots in past and recent events which promise the irreversibility of the current trend The response to this economic decision has transformed the structure of family, education, and communities. The new set of values the Chinese haw adopted to pursue, "Socialist Modernization," attempts to meld the needs of the community with the individual's striving for material wealth. This new socio-economic experiment illustrates a command economy tempered by individualism. This paper analyzes the present transition front command to commodity economy and its effect on social interaction in China by probing the continuity in the pattern of government pressures on the life of its citizens from historical times to the present. It verifies the permanence in values and beliefs by ascertaining the historical constants of Chinese worldview. It illustrates the restructuring impetus which I witnessed and its chaotic implications. It depicts the fermenting of today's society by including excerpts from the lectures about social issues I audiotaped at Shanghai Teachers University, as well as impressions from visits to Shanghai institutions. The Chinese arc striving to find a harmonious balance between the needs of the individual and those of society, starting from the Far Left, the total anarchy of the Cultural Revolution of the late Sixties, without a sudden jolt to the Right as it has happened in the aftermath of many European populist rebellions. They are therefore covering a ground never explored before. This new perspective promises additional hope for social harmony.
    • Effect of leadership on riverboat gambling in Evansville, Indiana

      Kiefer, Joseph
      The leadership regarding gambling in Evansville, Indiana lacked a zeal to achieve what was good for the community on a long-term basis and gave in to the appeal of immediate gratification. The phenomenal emergence of gambling was not an overnight occurence; it did not grow into the largest industry in America by chance or without challenge. The success of gambling in American and Evansville, Indiana was the result of a process requiring leadership. In Evansville there were many different types of leaders, ranging from state and local politicians to wealthy casinos and landowners as well as ministers and concerned citizens. The followers were the voters who allowed these leaders to influence their vote. This paper briefly examines several leaders who played a role in the process and what type of leadership qualities they utilized. Were their choices based on principles or tactical maneuvers? Were they seeking long-term benefits or immediate gains? This paper also seeks to succinctly establish a premise of what leadership is and how it should be used. This examination concludes that the leaders achieved success in bringing riverboat gambling into Evansville but questions whether it really was in the community's best interest over the long-term. Leadership based on principles and core values may have established a different outcome. Finally, this capstone project as a thesis in Liberal Studies, is intended to be more of a commentary on the leadership involved in bringing riverboat gambling to Evansville rather than a traditional research paper.
    • Crab island

      Chapin, Martha W.
      No abstract
    • "Poeticization" of postmodern society

      Jacobs, Joseph
      The twentieth century has brought changes to human culture that far surpass any witnessed in all the millennia of past human history. Led mostly by science and technology, the result of modernity has been an advance of all aspects of human knowledge and a revision of human culture as modern individuals have tried to learn how to coexist in a dangerous world made ever smaller by electronic communications and global economic interdependence. In this paper I will attempt to examine some of the ways modern thinkers have tried to address the ethical problems caused by the "revaluation of all values" (to paraphrase Nietzsche) that took place in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and to show how a private traditionalism can coexist with a public relativism and skepticism as a postmodern response to the modernist dilemmas. The conclusion that I hope to support is that values, while ultimately not subject to official sanction, are also not a matter of absolute individual choice. The consequences of acting on personal preferences need to be considered interpersonally and neither "absolutely" nor�in either the religious or secular sense�"finally.� For responsible decision-making to take place, therefore, projected actions and attitudes need to be modeled aesthetically in ways that educate the will as well as the intellect.
    • Manual for volunteerism

      Zirkelbach, Lynne M.
      The purpose of this Capstone Project is to develop a manual for volunteerism that any community could use as a model. Americans have been. urged to take it upon themselves to take charge of their own lives and their country once again through volunteerism. In the twentieth century and beyond, with direction and organization, there is no reason why volunteerism cannot continue to be a useful source of intervention in aiding communities, children, and adults, particularly older adults because of their increasing numbers and needs. Volunteering one's time will not only benefit the community but also the individuals involved. Adults as well as children should be involved in donating their time to a worthy cause. If children are taught about helping others while in their most formative years, they will be more likely to continue helping later in life. The manual for volunteerism discusses in detail how to organize a volunteer program. The manual explains how to target an audience, discusses recruitment of a volunteer coordinator or manager, explains how to perform a volunteer assessment, demonstrates how to plan and budget for a volunteer program, describes how to design volunteer jobs, tells how to develop a recordkeeping system, illustrates the recruitment and screening process for potential volunteers, and suggests ways to retain volunteers.
    • Community Awareness Police : an educational after school program, a directed project

      Robinson, Karla A.
      Juvenile crime has been steadily increasing in this country. The nature of the offenses committed by those under the age of 18 are becoming more violent, while the number of juvenile victims also continues to rise. Communities across the nation are looking for ways to deter this problem. Schools as well as various social service agencies are implementing a wide array of programs aimed at keeping kids away from drugs and violence. This paper will review some of the programs that have been used in other communities, taking the more successful aspects and using those in an outline for a program to implemented locally. The program, titled 11 Community Awareness Police" will target students from three local middle schools and will focus on educating the participants about our community. The goal of this program is to entertain as well as educate the participants on an assortment of topics selected to provide information that will enable the students to make positive choices when faced with difficult decisions later in life.
    • Personal reflections and a study of six generations : life on a farm in southwestern Indiana

      Altheide, Betty J.
      The single family farm in Indiana is dwindling in numbers due to many challenges. Among these challenges are the forces of nature, the changing modes of transportation, the economy, developments in science, mechanization, foreign markets, and politics at local, state, and federal level. Through personal interviews, research involving noted historians, family and county histories, legal records, newspapers, and personal reflections, this study seeks to accomplish two goals. The first is to reflect changes in daily life and agriculture on a representative small farm in southwestern Indiana from the mid-1850s to the present. Secondly, the study seeks to convey the character of six generations of a family who have not just endured challenges, but who also have thrived. Because of a love of and respect for the land, an obligation to be stewards of that land, a desire to pursue new directions, a sound sense of business, and a spirit of persistence, the descendants of a Scots-Irish immigrant have brought this farm into the twentieth century and have nurtured it into a business which now contributes to a world economy.
    • Drama in real life : a collection of short stories

      Forrest, Debra
      Drama in Real Life is a collection of short stories representing characters of all ages, ranging from a teen-aged girl having a miscarriage in the backseat of her parent's car in What I Did Last Summer, or the relationship between a quaint old gentleman and his lonely neighbor in The Neighbor Lady, to a satirical look at teaching in the public schools in That Is All I Have to Say. The opening selection, A Fantasy, symbolizes the seemingly perfect life, a life that is never really attainable, represented by two beautiful but elusive dancers. Like the dancers, other characters in stories throughout the collection wish to participate in that same dance, seeking to find happiness in their lives, at whatever stage they may find themselves. It may be in resolving mother/ daughter relationships in Saturday Night at the Movies or coping with old age and loss of memory in The Cottonwood Trees. They struggle with family dysfunction and its lasting effects in Sisters, and seek to find a new dance, in the title story, Drama in Real Life, a story about divorce and starting over. This collection is a realistic look at intricate patterns in this dance of ours, the dance of a Drama in Real Life.
    • Collective and innate origins of life, culture and morality

      Tang, Jayne Kroeger
      This capstone explores the idea that life, culture and morality have collective and innate origins. Evidence suggests that a tendency toward self-organization is imprinted in the genetic makeup of certain, if not all, life forms. In this view, culture and morality are partly products, of an innate tendency toward collective qualities found in human beings and certain other species. Using literature from evolutionary biology, evolutionary psychology and evolutionary anthropology, and also drawing upon complexity theory, this capstone expl9res the evidence of the collective and innate origins of life, culture and morality in three chapters. The conclusions of this study will not come as revelations to those who are familiar with evolutionary biology or evolutionary psychology. However, evidence presented in this capstone does offer a new perspective regarding the collective and innate origins of life, culture and morality in relation to the traditional historical treatment of this subject.
    • Strengthening aid to the Evansville underclass in their efforts to transition into a lifestyle of self-sufficiency: a comprehensive strategy utilizing

      Allen, Greg K.
      The American underclass, a particular segment' of the poor in America, remain in conditions of poverty even in favorable overall economic conditions. Much assistance has been provided to the underclass and there is much debate surrounding the originating and sustaining factors involving the underclass. For the most part, the actual effort to aid the underclass, despite the tremendous effort expended, appears to be less than effective. However, several faith-based programs seem to be experiencing success integrating the underclass into mainstream lifestyles. This project presents an overview of three major theoretical positions on the nature of persistent poverty, an investigation of the assistance currently being provided in the United States, and an evaluation of the effectiveness of these programs in moving members of the underclass into the mainstream. The philosophies and methodologies of the successful faith-based programs are also presented. A plan to strengthen assistance to members of the underclass in their attempt to transition into mainstream society in Evansville is proposed. It is based on a theoretically sound stance consistent with the successful faith-based programs and utilizes currently available resources in the Evansville area. 1 The social pathologies associated with the underclass include intergenerational poverty, illegitimate births, and criminality. These characteristics are generally associated with a worldview lacking hope.
    • Everysoul

      Hobbs, Rick
      No abstract
    • On the Web : a computerized field guide to the wildflowers of Twin Swamps Nature Preserve

      Mark, Rick
      This notebook contains a printed version of the Web site I created as the capstone project for my Master of Arts degree in Liberal Studies at the University of Southern Indiana. The Web site provides a guide to the wildflowers of Twin Swamps Nature Preserve, which is in the southwest tip of Indiana, near where the Wabash River flows into the Ohio. It is about 25 miles west of USI. Twin Swamps is a quiet place, a wild place, a place of remarkable diversity that contrasts sharply with the order and monotony of surrounding fields of com and soybean and sorghum. It's a place that has been given over to the plants and insects and birds, a place where we can watch in minute detail as nature recycles itself, as things grow and die and decay and replenish the soil and are born again. Twin Swamps was set aside in 1987 to save one of Indiana's last stands of bald cypress trees. This stately tree of southern swamplands reaches its northern limit here. The bald cypress is the only eastern relative of the redwoods and sequoias of California. Its broad buttressed base and the odd knobby "knees" protruding from its roots help it survive in the shallow waters of the swamp. Also protected at Twin Swamps is the overcup oak, another southern tree that thrives in swampland. The overcup oak has an unusual round acorn with a cap that nearly covers the nut, so it looks like a big scaly marble. Twin Swamps represents an ecological region known as the Southern Bottomlands of Indiana. This region, which hugs the lower Wabash and Ohio rivers, has the state's longest growing period. Temperatures, rainfall and humidity are relatively high; winters are mild. Because of this, Twin Swamps has several plants and animals that are characteristic of the southern United States and which reach their northern limit in Posey County. The Web site includes photographs and descriptions of about 120 species of flowering plants. In 1998, I hiked the one-and-a-half-mile trail through the nature preserve at least once a week and photographed every wildflower I could find. I then identified the plants as best I could, often bringing specimens to a USI biology lab for study. Any specimens I collected have been preserved in the USI herbarium. The Web site is meant to be a resource for botanists, educators, and weekend nature lovers. Teachers may use the site as a preview for class field trips. Nature lovers will have a field guide that focuses specifically on the plants at the preserve, so they won't have to wade through a more traditional field guide that includes hundreds of species not found at Twin Swamps.
    • Cathedrals : a web site

      Cleek, Linda
      The development of the Internet presents us with a new means of expression-the web site. Creating a web site is like writing a research paper in that it requires knowledge of a subject and knowledge of how to find additional information about that subject. Developing a web site is like crafting a work of art in that it requires skill in using certain tools as well as a vision of what the completed work will be. Creating a fairly complex web site such as the one here described requires a combination of hardware and software skills, subject knowledge, and research skills and persistence in finding relevant sites on the Internet. The Cathedrals web site consists of four major sections: the Cathedrals course; links to various cathedrals web sites; the 1998 Cathedrals European tour; and the proposed Cathedrals 2000 European tour. The course section includes information about a course offered at the University of Southern Indiana, such as a biography of the course's creator, a bibliography, course readings, and a section for the contributions of those taking the course. The Cathedrals site as presented here deals primarily with the fall 1999 class. � The section on links contains links to more than 70 sites-mostly dedicated to specific cathedrals, some to great buildings or to cathedrals in general. The section is organized primarily by country, with subsections for the British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Russia, Spain, the United States, and other related sites. The 1998 Cathedrals Tour section is a photo essay on a tour conducted in June 1998. The Cathedrals 2000 Tour section was designed as a promotional site for a tour scheduled for May 2000. The web site presented here is captured in early spring 2000 when the tour seemed likely; unfortunately, it was later cancelled due to insufficient enrollment, and the site was changed to remain informative but not promotional.
    • Spinning wheels and reenactments of the past

      Kuchenbrod, Kelly S.
      My father was born 150 years too late. His interest in the 1830's and that way of life has sparked excitement for me also. He is an excellent woodworker and has built and repaired several log structures. He built a spinning wheel from scratch and then challenged me to learn to use it. The capstone project focused on the spinning wheel he built. The main component of the project was a children's book. The book was written from a five year old prospective, as if my daughter were telling the story. It was illustrated with pictures taken by me or of me as I learned to spin and showed the art of spinning to others. The book illustrates some of the aspects of spinning and preparation of wool yarn. The behind-the-scenes work of historical interpreters was also shown. My hopes are that the book will find a niche at state parks, museums, and interpretive centers to illustrate and explain spinning and pioneer reenactments. While working on the children's book, a journal, travel log, and scrapbook were kept. These served as my personal records of my time and effort spent working on the project. The scrapbook contains pictures and other memorabilia of the places I have visited as I advanced as a spinner and demonstrated to people the art of spinning. In order to learn to spin, process the wool, and make yarn, I have interviewed several experienced spinners. These people were excellent resources for my spinning project. I also got a subscription to Spin Off, a magazine for spinners. It gave tips to beginners and advanced spinners as well as historical information and interesting stories and reviews. A bibliography of several books is included. The books, magazines, and interviews helped me with the basics and taught me history and folklore associated with spinning. Joyce Hamon, my chair, was my source of guidance and information concerning readability and age appropriateness for the children's book. After spending the summer and the fall of2001 spinning, volunteering as a demonstrator at various events, visiting other spinners and spinning at home, I obtained enough pictures to complete the children's book. I traveled 1819 miles and volunteered 82 hours demonstrating the art of spinning. This does not include the many hours spent spinning in my living room as I tried to master the spinning wheel.
    • Billy Bob Jack

      Sayyah, Joseph F.
      No abstract
    • Hardboot

      McGarrah, Jim
      No abstract
    • Decade of education reform in Kentucky

      Humphrey, Lois M.
      Part I presents the background for recent education reform in the state of Kentucky. After reform was mandated by the judicial system in 1988, the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA) was passed in 1990 and education as the citizens of Kentucky knew it had suddenly changed. Teachers were told to teach differently and students, therefore, were exposed to new styles of learning and held to new standards. Part Two focuses on the changes that occurred in the ten years since the Reform Act. Kentucky was suddenly a state involved with high stakes assessment. Not only had teaching and learning changed, but also abrupt changes in assessing a school's performance were implemented with unprecedented speed. Rewards and sanctions from the State Department of Education dangled above the heads of teachers and administrators alike. It was not an easy time for many and in some cases, people felt the need to try and cheat the system. The stress on teachers was incredible. Looking at the future and the goals set for the educational system in Kentucky is the focus of Part Three. As the second decade of changes began to take hold, new goals were set for the schools of the state. One such goal is that all students score at a "proficient" rating with 100% or better on the CATS exam. This section examines why this particular goal cannot be met.