• Billy Bob Jack

      Sayyah, Joseph F.
      No abstract
    • Breaking the habit : a study of changes in the Benedictine Women's Religious Order in Ferdinand, Indiana, since 1965

      Nurrenbern, Carol Gentry
      During the decade of the 1960s, Catholic women's religious orders experienced a mass exodus of members. The Benedictine community in Ferdinand, Indiana lost 88 members in 1968 alone. The instability in this Benedictine women's religious order during the 1960s was a unique occurrence since the Benedictine way of life had remained virtually the same for 1500 years. So many women left religious orders during this time that the infrastructure of religious communities changed dramatically. The Benedictine community experienced massive changes in their way of religious life due to changes in the Catholic Church as a result of Vatican Il and because of the social changes happening in the 1960s. Background research was conducted on the topics of Vatican II, the feminist movement, and changes in religious orders. Interviews were conducted with members of the Benedictine community who were in leadership roles; with women who had left the Benedictine convent in the 1960s during the time of the Grand Exit; and with nuns who had entered the Benedictine community during the 1960s and remain in the order today. The principal causes of women leaving religious orders during the sixties were due to changes mandated by Vatican II such as the shedding of the distinctive religious habit and shifting theology, and the social changes that provided increasing opportunities for women in society. Women interviewed who had left the convent were unaware of the impact of the social changes. They recalled leaving the community for personal reasons. Current nuns interviewed perceived the social changes as the motivating factors for upheaval in women's religious communities, and these changes forced the Benedictine community in Ferdinand, Indiana to rethink and redirect a way of life that had remained constant for 1500 years. Now the community has a better sense of theology, a renewed sense of mission, and a renewed dedication to a life of seeking God.
    • Cathedrals : a web site

      Cleek, Linda
      The development of the Internet presents us with a new means of expression-the web site. Creating a web site is like writing a research paper in that it requires knowledge of a subject and knowledge of how to find additional information about that subject. Developing a web site is like crafting a work of art in that it requires skill in using certain tools as well as a vision of what the completed work will be. Creating a fairly complex web site such as the one here described requires a combination of hardware and software skills, subject knowledge, and research skills and persistence in finding relevant sites on the Internet. The Cathedrals web site consists of four major sections: the Cathedrals course; links to various cathedrals web sites; the 1998 Cathedrals European tour; and the proposed Cathedrals 2000 European tour. The course section includes information about a course offered at the University of Southern Indiana, such as a biography of the course's creator, a bibliography, course readings, and a section for the contributions of those taking the course. The Cathedrals site as presented here deals primarily with the fall 1999 class. � The section on links contains links to more than 70 sites-mostly dedicated to specific cathedrals, some to great buildings or to cathedrals in general. The section is organized primarily by country, with subsections for the British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Russia, Spain, the United States, and other related sites. The 1998 Cathedrals Tour section is a photo essay on a tour conducted in June 1998. The Cathedrals 2000 Tour section was designed as a promotional site for a tour scheduled for May 2000. The web site presented here is captured in early spring 2000 when the tour seemed likely; unfortunately, it was later cancelled due to insufficient enrollment, and the site was changed to remain informative but not promotional.
    • Challenges of high school journalism advising; a study and guidebook to improve publications

      Tichenor, Alisha.
      The purpose of this Capstone Project is to develop a guidebook for high school journalism advisers with the aim of helping to make their advising experiences and publications more successful. Research reveals that the majority of high school journalism advisers do not possess formal training in journalism prior to their first journalism teaching assignments. After becoming journalism advisers, most of the training these individuals receive is through summer workshops or from more experienced advisers. The significance of unqualified journalism teachers teaching students is very problematic for education. Primarily, bad instruction by these teachers could cause more damage to students than none at all. Not only do many high schools have unsatisfactory publications but many talented students become disinterested in the subject and the profession misses an opportunity to recruit new talent. Underqualified teachers also run the risk of not emphasizing the significant role the press plays in our country which was founded on the freedom of expression. While the problem of underqualified journalism advisers is significant, there are steps that can be taken to help these teachers get to a more desired state. Research reveals that journalism advisers can greatly benefit by taking journalism and communication courses at the university level and that attendance at annual high school journalism conferences with staff members is also a great way to increase teachers' knowledge in the area of journalism. If high school journalism advisers also receive the appropriate schooling and have access to resources, like the guidebook I produced, I believe that the success rate of high school journalism programs across the country will increase. The guidebook for high school journalism advisers discusses in detail the importance of adequate desktop publishing technology and equipment, the need to meet deadlines, principles of good design, photography and journalistic writing, why journalism workshops are helpful, an understanding of high school journalism curriculum 1 and press rights, and understanding the responsibilities of managing a budget and the role journalism plays in society.
    • Collective and innate origins of life, culture and morality

      Tang, Jayne Kroeger
      This capstone explores the idea that life, culture and morality have collective and innate origins. Evidence suggests that a tendency toward self-organization is imprinted in the genetic makeup of certain, if not all, life forms. In this view, culture and morality are partly products, of an innate tendency toward collective qualities found in human beings and certain other species. Using literature from evolutionary biology, evolutionary psychology and evolutionary anthropology, and also drawing upon complexity theory, this capstone expl9res the evidence of the collective and innate origins of life, culture and morality in three chapters. The conclusions of this study will not come as revelations to those who are familiar with evolutionary biology or evolutionary psychology. However, evidence presented in this capstone does offer a new perspective regarding the collective and innate origins of life, culture and morality in relation to the traditional historical treatment of this subject.
    • Community Awareness Police : an educational after school program, a directed project

      Robinson, Karla A.
      Juvenile crime has been steadily increasing in this country. The nature of the offenses committed by those under the age of 18 are becoming more violent, while the number of juvenile victims also continues to rise. Communities across the nation are looking for ways to deter this problem. Schools as well as various social service agencies are implementing a wide array of programs aimed at keeping kids away from drugs and violence. This paper will review some of the programs that have been used in other communities, taking the more successful aspects and using those in an outline for a program to implemented locally. The program, titled 11 Community Awareness Police" will target students from three local middle schools and will focus on educating the participants about our community. The goal of this program is to entertain as well as educate the participants on an assortment of topics selected to provide information that will enable the students to make positive choices when faced with difficult decisions later in life.
    • Comparative analysis of corporate and individual enterprise in the settlement of early America

      Johnson, Nancy L.
      This Capstone Project compares and analyzes the methods used by groups and individuals to establish and sustain the early American settlements of Jamestown, Plymouth, and Massachusetts Bay. Corporate and individual enterprise were used by English settlers attempting to locate and survive in the New World wilderness Settlers adopted a variety of methods ranging from capitalism to communism. Individuals often found it necessary to form corporate entities whose cooperative methods ranged from stock holding to community of goods. Common property was an extreme measure but a means to an end to assure survival. Through attempts to colonize America in the late 1500's, Queen Elizabeth learned that substantial capital was needed to establish and sustain early American colonization. Joint-stock companies were created to assemble the essential capital. The Virginia Company that established Jamestown and Plymouth set up systems of common property in which many settlers accepted the restricted status of indentured servants in order to see the colony develop. Although the theme of the individual versus the corporate community is strong in these early settlements, another theme evolves. Materialistic and ideological factors become driving forces in this historical evolution of early America. Materialistic forces eventually influenced ideological forces in Jamestown, Plymouth, and Massachusetts Bay. A sociocultural evolution took place as the individuals within these colonies adapted to achieve their material requirements. The mode of production, whether farming, tobacco planting, or mercantilism, influenced the general character of the social, political, and spiritual processes of life in these early American colonies. Empirical evidence in this analysis will show that collective, corporate, including communal, arrangements were the springboard to successful early settlement of English America. Whether settlers held economic or religious motives for settlement in North America, European colonization was largely due to the cooperative activity of the mercantile and capitalist classes in England. The corporate phase of colonization, as under the Virginia Company and Massachusetts Bay Company, was often short-lived. Eventually, private initiatives were responsible for the greatest number of English settlements in America.
    • Comprehensive study of race, ethnicity and identity in Cuba

      Jaramillo Zuniga, Tami L.
      The Cuban colonial and early republic societies were divided not only by race but by ethnicity, class and castel. The slaves identities would be influenced by their shipmates and fellow slaves working beside them after they arrived. These identities would play an important role in Cuban history and culture and were used by Castro to build support for the 1959 Revolution and to continue support for his regime after he took power. Castro's claims that the Revolution eliminated institutionalized racism are supported by political propaganda used by Castro to present a picture of a unified non-racist society, but not by statistical analysis or cultural studies. Despite the claims made by the Cuban propaganda and the ruling elite, racial prejudice remains a real issue in Cuba. On what basis does the regime claim there is no racism? What evidence exists in support of and contrary to the regime's stance? How does contemporary literature on and off the island address or portray racism in Cuba? In order to determine this thesis and answer these questions, the following procedures will be implemented: a review of fictional and non-fictional literature, music and media and a look at historical and political viewpoints. The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database will be used along with statistics from the United States Department of State and the CIA to establish populations. The use of these sources helped to draw a picture of the Cuban populace and better understand the dynamics of the race, ethnicity and identity issues. A review of the literature, both scholarly and artistic, and relevant databases suggests that the Cuban government presents an overly optimistic portrait of race relations. The evidence demonstrates that racism persists as a serious problem in Cuba. Socio-economic factors that addressed health and education inequalities ended many discrimination practices within employment and improved the quality of life for many Afro-Cubans. However these policies failed to address underlying racism within Cuban culture and institutions. The Cuban government's silence on the subject of race allowed for racism to persist. Nevertheless, propaganda under Castro reified the myth that racism was no longer an issue. 1 For this paper, race is defined as the classification of people based upon physical characteristics such as skin colour and facial features. Ethnicity is defined as the classification of people based upon common regional and cultural characteristics such as language and religion. Class is the division of people based upon economic, political and social characteristics. Castes correspond to heredity and are defined by law. In Cuba's colonial years there were three easies: white, free people of colour and slaves. Castes arc stratified by classes.
    • Crab island

      Chapin, Martha W.
      No abstract
    • Decade of education reform in Kentucky

      Humphrey, Lois M.
      Part I presents the background for recent education reform in the state of Kentucky. After reform was mandated by the judicial system in 1988, the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA) was passed in 1990 and education as the citizens of Kentucky knew it had suddenly changed. Teachers were told to teach differently and students, therefore, were exposed to new styles of learning and held to new standards. Part Two focuses on the changes that occurred in the ten years since the Reform Act. Kentucky was suddenly a state involved with high stakes assessment. Not only had teaching and learning changed, but also abrupt changes in assessing a school's performance were implemented with unprecedented speed. Rewards and sanctions from the State Department of Education dangled above the heads of teachers and administrators alike. It was not an easy time for many and in some cases, people felt the need to try and cheat the system. The stress on teachers was incredible. Looking at the future and the goals set for the educational system in Kentucky is the focus of Part Three. As the second decade of changes began to take hold, new goals were set for the schools of the state. One such goal is that all students score at a "proficient" rating with 100% or better on the CATS exam. This section examines why this particular goal cannot be met.
    • Drama in real life : a collection of short stories

      Forrest, Debra
      Drama in Real Life is a collection of short stories representing characters of all ages, ranging from a teen-aged girl having a miscarriage in the backseat of her parent's car in What I Did Last Summer, or the relationship between a quaint old gentleman and his lonely neighbor in The Neighbor Lady, to a satirical look at teaching in the public schools in That Is All I Have to Say. The opening selection, A Fantasy, symbolizes the seemingly perfect life, a life that is never really attainable, represented by two beautiful but elusive dancers. Like the dancers, other characters in stories throughout the collection wish to participate in that same dance, seeking to find happiness in their lives, at whatever stage they may find themselves. It may be in resolving mother/ daughter relationships in Saturday Night at the Movies or coping with old age and loss of memory in The Cottonwood Trees. They struggle with family dysfunction and its lasting effects in Sisters, and seek to find a new dance, in the title story, Drama in Real Life, a story about divorce and starting over. This collection is a realistic look at intricate patterns in this dance of ours, the dance of a Drama in Real Life.
    • Effect of leadership on riverboat gambling in Evansville, Indiana

      Kiefer, Joseph
      The leadership regarding gambling in Evansville, Indiana lacked a zeal to achieve what was good for the community on a long-term basis and gave in to the appeal of immediate gratification. The phenomenal emergence of gambling was not an overnight occurence; it did not grow into the largest industry in America by chance or without challenge. The success of gambling in American and Evansville, Indiana was the result of a process requiring leadership. In Evansville there were many different types of leaders, ranging from state and local politicians to wealthy casinos and landowners as well as ministers and concerned citizens. The followers were the voters who allowed these leaders to influence their vote. This paper briefly examines several leaders who played a role in the process and what type of leadership qualities they utilized. Were their choices based on principles or tactical maneuvers? Were they seeking long-term benefits or immediate gains? This paper also seeks to succinctly establish a premise of what leadership is and how it should be used. This examination concludes that the leaders achieved success in bringing riverboat gambling into Evansville but questions whether it really was in the community's best interest over the long-term. Leadership based on principles and core values may have established a different outcome. Finally, this capstone project as a thesis in Liberal Studies, is intended to be more of a commentary on the leadership involved in bringing riverboat gambling to Evansville rather than a traditional research paper.
    • Effects of economic change on Chinese values and worldview

      Gogel, Attilia Landini
      The introduction of a commodity economy has altered Chinese society profoundly and permanently. The evolving process that brought China to the present economic resolution finds roots in past and recent events which promise the irreversibility of the current trend The response to this economic decision has transformed the structure of family, education, and communities. The new set of values the Chinese haw adopted to pursue, "Socialist Modernization," attempts to meld the needs of the community with the individual's striving for material wealth. This new socio-economic experiment illustrates a command economy tempered by individualism. This paper analyzes the present transition front command to commodity economy and its effect on social interaction in China by probing the continuity in the pattern of government pressures on the life of its citizens from historical times to the present. It verifies the permanence in values and beliefs by ascertaining the historical constants of Chinese worldview. It illustrates the restructuring impetus which I witnessed and its chaotic implications. It depicts the fermenting of today's society by including excerpts from the lectures about social issues I audiotaped at Shanghai Teachers University, as well as impressions from visits to Shanghai institutions. The Chinese arc striving to find a harmonious balance between the needs of the individual and those of society, starting from the Far Left, the total anarchy of the Cultural Revolution of the late Sixties, without a sudden jolt to the Right as it has happened in the aftermath of many European populist rebellions. They are therefore covering a ground never explored before. This new perspective promises additional hope for social harmony.
    • Everysoul

      Hobbs, Rick
      No abstract
    • Game theory analysis of the Irish peace process

      Brink, Toni R.
      On April 10, 1998 representatives from the British and Irish governments signed the most famous agreement in history concerning relations with Northern Ireland. This agreement became known as the Good Friday Agreement, and it followed decades of failed negotiations both inside the province of Northern Ireland and internationally. In an effort to shed new light on the success of this agreement after so much failure, I drew upon the methods of Game Theory in order to deconstruct the peace process. I focused on three pivotal moments, in which the fate of the negotiations hung in a balance, and I redrew each situation as a game model. I then outlined the strategies and solutions to the game using the elegance and simplicity of game theory. The results of these games provided a new and rational perspective to the actions of the negotiators in this process. Finally, this thesis reflects upon the successes and shortcomings of the Good Friday Agreement over a decade after its conception.
    • Hardboot

      McGarrah, Jim
      No abstract
    • History in the age of the avatar : reconciling video games to promote historical learning

      Wagoner, Georgina C.
      Video games are ready to advance beyond their recreational origins and make a worthwhile contribution to public discourse. The social sciences are the most appropriate field to lead the way for new genres of video game. A comprehensive "history video game" will require the combined efforts of social science professionals, game designers, and programmers. To this audience, I propose certain criteria to incorporate into game narrative and game design. These criteria fall within three categories that help to organize this thesis: goals of history, social studies themes, and civic dispositions. These criteria were adapted from among the 2010 National Curriculum Standards of Social Studies, Indiana Academic Standards in World History and Civilization, and in Geography and History of the World. Additionally, I use my experience of nine years of teaching social studies in an alternative high school to reflect on skills and knowledge that are relevant and useful to developing an understanding of the world and a perspective on time. For a rationale of video games as worthwhile discourse, I compare and contrast theories of book history with video game structure in general and predict the relatedness of the new genre of a "history video game." This reveals the distinction between the goals of literary works and historical works. It highlights the issues of transforming game design from its traditional narrative structure to a structure serving the interests of the history discipline. Further, I evaluate how the criteria of social studies themes apply to the four most popular examples of video game series that were designed with a historical premise: Sid Meier's Civilization, Total War, Assassin's Creed, and The Sims Medieval. Finally, I examine mechanics of game play that promote cognitive development that directly relates to civic dispositions. The act of learning history is a reflective and growing process that is well-suited to the structure of game mechanics if game design is adapted to the needs of historical learning. Creating and using avatars forces respect for multiple perspectives. The ability to replay scenes and examine "what if' scenarios dissociates history from the dogmatic view that history is destiny.
    • History of the University of Southern Indiana in words and pictures celebrating the first forty years

      Kennedy, Trisha M.
      For those who have never attended USI, worked at USI, or are unfamiliar with USI, it may be difficult to understand the importance of the contributions of this young university. As a USI graduate (almost two times over) and employee, developing a history of USI fulfills an educational need as well as a personal one. There is no question that I am biased. I believe in USI and its mission. In 2005, USI celebrates its 40th anniversary. I have designed this two-compact disk set in honor of this milestone.
    • Identification of factors which motivate high school athletes

      Trible, Linda M.
      Three hundred student athletes from high schools in southwestern Indiana responded to a questionnaire designed to-identify psychological and sociological factors which motivate them to participate in organized sports at the freshman, junior varsity and varsity levels, and to determine if such information could be incorporated into the academic environment. Students described the reasons they participate, the influences of coaches and parents, their feelings toward training and competition, and whether they felt their athletic careers would continue upon graduation from high school. Various theories regarding motivation in general, and motivation of athletes specifically were reviewed and applied to the responses of the local students. The achievement goal theory, in particular, seems to hold the key as to why some students are disposed toward setting realistic goals and adapting their behavior toward fulfillment in an athletic environment. Students who are disposed toward self-improvement and skill development, and who are exposed to a mastery-oriented climate are more likely to experience enjoyment and satisfaction from participation in sports. They are also more likely to continue their participation after graduation from high school. While many contributing factors are present, the thrill of competition, as well as the socialization and enjoyment involved with organized sports in general, provide the impetus for a majority of students to participate on athletic teams.
    • Internationalization of U.S. higher education and its implications for the University of Southern Indiana

      Matsuo, Mari
      The objectives of this paper are to review internationalization at the University of Southern Indiana in the context of historical movements of international education in the United States and contemporary thinking about the internationalization of campuses and to suggest possible strategies to promote further campus-wide internationalization. In this process, the university is also compared with two national models and four peer institutions. Both the progress already made toward internationalization at the University of Southern Indiana and improvements that the university could make in the future are discussed. This paper offers suggestions for the university in areas that include the role of institutional leadership, curricula, degree programs, international scholarship grants, study abroad programs, and faculty involvement in international education.