Using a Mix of Strategies to Prepare Nursing Students for Disaster Response
AffiliationUniversity of Southern Indiana
TitleUsing a Mix of Strategies to Prepare Nursing Students for Disaster Response
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Undergraduate nursing faculty are expected to prepare students to participate as members and leaders of interprofessional teams that provide emergency services in their communities. The BSN Essentials indicate that the baccalaureate nursing program must prepare graduates to “use clinical judgment and decision-making skills in appropriate, timely nursing care during disaster, mass casualty, and other emergency situations” (The American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 2008, p. 25).
Nursing 455: Population-Focused Nursing Practice is taken Fall semester of the senior year. The course promotes development of disaster preparedness competencies through seminar, online clinical modules and simulation. Students are expected to apply principles of SALT triage, plan and set up a shelter, conduct a shelter guest intake and health needs assessment, and use the medical evacuation sled in a seminar setting on campus.
The disaster preparedness clinical education includes seminar, independent online learning and simulation. The clinical activities include the following:
- Completion of the SALT Triage and the FEMA IS-100 course independently online prior to the seminar day.
- Completion of “Stop the Bleed” which includes skills demonstration of wound packing and tourniquet application.
- Demonstration of evacuation of a victim down a staircase using a Med Sled.
- Tour of the Physical Activities Center (a Red Cross designated shelter) and development of a shelter set up plans.
- Use of case studies with Red Cross shelter forms.
- Demonstration of triage competency using patient triage training cards.
A mix of educational strategies was used to prepare senior level nursing students for response during a disaster. Students demonstrated the ability to apply the principles of SALT triage, plan and set up a shelter, conduct a shelter guest intake and health needs assessments, and use the medical evacuation sled. Students were actively engaged, and learning occurred through the simulation.
American Association of Colleges of Nursing (2008). The essentials of baccalaureate education for professional nursing practice. Retrieved from http://www.aacnnursing.org/Portals/42/Publications/BaccEssentials08.pdf
American College of Surgeons (2015-2016). Stop the bleed. Retrieved from http://www.bleedingcontrol.org/
Federal Emergency Management Agency. (2018). IS-100.C: Introduction to the incident command system, ICS 100. Retrieved from https://training.fema.gov/is/courseoverview.aspx?code=IS-100.c
MESH Coalition (n.d.). Adult patient triage cards. Retrieved from http://www.meshcoalition.org/products/patient-triagecards
National Disaster Life Support Foundation (2015). SALT mass casualty triage on-line training. Retrieved from http://register2.ndlsf.org/mod/page/view.php?id=2056