AffiliationUniversity of Southern indiana
TitleNursing Student Led CPR Training for High School Students
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In 2014, House Bill 1202, authored by Representative Ron Bacon, became law. This bill mandated that high school students receive instruction in performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the use of an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) prior to graduation. The University of Southern Indiana nursing program partnered with the Evansville Vanderburgh School Corporation (EVSC) to meet this requirement. The EVSC purchased the ‘CPR in Schools’ program which includes a video, handouts, and simple, lightweight manikins. Hands-Only CPR was the method chosen to teach to the high school students. This course eliminates mouth-to-mouth ventilation making it simple and increasing the likelihood that rescuers will come to the aid of a cardiopulmonary arrest victim. Nursing students enrolled in the Population Focused Nursing Practice course received training in teaching “Hands-Only CPR.”
This activity integrates service learning with the practice of teaching. Evidence has proven that service learning is an educational practice which strengthens integration of key course objectives, improves student understanding of community and social issues, and influences the initiation of civic action. In 2008 the University of Southern Indiana received recognition and was classified as a Community Engagement University by the Carnegie Foundation. This recognition is used in self-assessment and quality improvement by the university and is reassessed by the Carnegie Foundation on a five year cycle. Community engagement is defined by the foundation as collaboration between institutions of higher education and their larger communities for the mutually beneficial exchange of knowledge and resources in a context of partnership and reciprocity.
Since 2015, USI nursing students have taught nearly 3500 high school students how to perform “Hands-Only CPR.” In a study conducted during the EVSC school year 2016-2017, 25 USI nursing students taught Hands-Only CPR to local high school students. Assessment of a before and after perceptions of the nursing students’ teaching event yielded positive results. The results showed significant improvement in the students' perception of their teaching ability to include demonstration of CPR, use of appropriate teaching strategies, and achievement of learning outcomes.
This experience not only provides the student with increased confidence in the important nursing role of teaching but is routinely mentioned on evaluations as a gratifying and a highly valued/favored experience for achieving learning outcomes. The EVSC frequently expresses their gratitude for the assistance provided by the university in providing this life-saving, required education to high school students in our community.