• The Accuracy of EdReady English as a Placement Tool at a Midwestern Community College

      Jefferson, Andrea
      Hailed as paragons of opportunity, community colleges have transformed the landscape of higher education with their affordability and open admissions policies. Before many students can enroll in college-level courses at their local college, they must first take a placement test.  The results of these tests can relegate students to non-credit, remedial courses that do not count toward their degree.  The accuracy and equity of such tests is paramount to upholding the open access policies of community colleges. This paper explores the use of a new placement test, EdReady English, at a campus of a Large Midwestern Community College to determine how effectively it functions to place students into their first credit-bearing English course.
    • Administrative Motivation in the Growth of Virtual Education in Indiana

      Herrin, Staci
      Virtual education has grown exponentially in past years. During the 2019-20 school year, more than three-quarters of all states had some sort of virtual education program which caters to students in grades K-12. The National Educational Policy Center reports that more than 480,000 American students in 40 states attended virtual or blended instruction schools in 2019-20. (Molnar et al., 2021). While virtual education has been growing in recent years, the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent school closures caused districts to create virtual education programs. While this number is not yet quantified, it is reasonable to assert that virtual education was more prevalent in the United States and in Indiana than ever before. There is a significant body of research exploring the challenges experienced by many virtual students. There is, however, less understanding as to why school districts continue to promote and expand virtual education in light of data that shows a lack of success in these types of programs. The purpose of this mixed-methods sequential explanatory study was to understand the decisions made by Indiana public school K-12 district superintendents and virtual program administrators when choosing whether or not to implement a virtual education program. All public school superintendents in Indiana were surveyed, as were those individuals designated by their district as a virtual program administrator. Survey topics included perceived limitations, benefits, and challenges of virtual education in Indiana. Individual follow-up interviews were conducted with volunteer participants. Throughout the study, it quickly became evident that COVID-19 was a primary cause for the recent expansion of virtual education. This phenomenon impacted not only students, but also their teachers and the school districts that they attended. This study provides a snapshot of the state of virtual education in Indiana during 2020-21 school year, including the perceptions of school administrators and the impact of COVID-19. While the pandemic may have spurred the growth of virtual education, the benefits and challenges experienced in schools are the same as those felt by educators and students in previous years.  
    • Adverse Childhood Experiences and Life Effects

      Tyler, Katie; Wagler, Makayla; Weishaar, Bailey; Salm, Karissa
      Our group researched the impact of adverse childhood experiences on life effects. Research shows adverse childhood experiences may lead to social, emotional, and cognitive impairment; adoption of health-risk behaviors; disease, disability, and social problems; and early death. Our research primarily focused on risk behaviors/ substance use, mental health, life opportunities, and intergenerational impact and relationships.
    • Aging in Place

      Sleziak, Sarah; Wilson, Kasie; Jackson, Kassidy
      This presentation analyzes the topic of aging in place in the United States and investigates the role occupational therapy currently plays in its execution as well as demonstrates future opportunities for further impact. The presentation defines aging in place as well as its key terms and presents on challenges and barriers facing older adults attempting to age in place in society today. Through review of current literature, this presentation provides examples of current occupations older adults need and want to perform while aging in place and possible occupational therapy interventions that can promote successful performance of those occupations. Additionally, this presentation discusses the use of smart home technology in aging in place, provides examples of said technology, and examines older adult’s perceptions regarding perceived benefits versus concerns. The presentation seeks to provide increased awareness to the general public about the geriatric population’s needs during the process of aging as well as provide knowledge and resources to the geriatric population to ensure older adults understand what aging in place truly means and the consequences related to that decision.
    • Alumni Panel Discussion

      McBeath, Cameron; Epley, Jacqui; Ahlbrand, Justin; Greene, Jennifer; Elpers, Ashley; Artis, Danielle; de Dieu SOME, Kountiala Jean; Kasparov, Vladimir; Millay, Joy
      Alumni Panel Discussion Cameron McBeath '16 MSW'18 Jacqui Epley '15 MAE'18 Justin Ahlbrand '13 MSSM'17 Jennifer Greene '04 MALS'09 Ashley Elpers '05 MHA'21 Danielle Artis '15 MALS'20 Kountiala Jean de Dieu SOME MASPC'18 Vladimir Kasparov '01 MBA'05 Joy Millay MPA'18
    • Assessing the Place of African American Vernacular English as a Dialect: Meriting Inclusion in the TESOL Classroom

      Wright, Jordan
      Previous literature has opened discussion as to whether African American Vernacular English (AAVE) is a valid dialect that should be included in formal English education, namely, in TESOL classrooms. This literature review was conducted in order to demonstrate the value of African American Vernacular English (AAVE) as a component of American English and culture. This review will outline multiple studies and a variety of research that supports the validity of AAVE as both a dialect and a necessary complement of Standard American English. There are multiple elements that serve as crucial pieces in this review.  First, research will examine the racialization of AAVE and its history to support its validity and value as a dialect and cultural component of American English. It will also outline the connection between linguistic prescriptivism and language-based racism that permeate American language, culture, and society. Next, it will outline how AAVE affects and complements Standard American English (SAE) through several studies like Danika Johnson’s (2013) study on the impact of AAVE on ELL student writing. This section also looks at the linguistic elements that separate AAVE as a unique component of SAE, rather than a completely isolated dialect. Finally, this review will examine the benefits of including AAVE as part of the TESOL curriculum and how it could be implemented effectively in a TESOL classroom (Kubota and Lin, 2006). As the political culture and climate of the United States continues to change, cultural and linguistic practices represent a major part of the path toward inclusion. The existing path includes linguistic bias and does not recognize AAVE as a crucial part of American language and culture. To reframe the new direction of American English language teaching and learning, this unique dialect should be included on that path.
    • Conformity to Gender Norms

      Sullivan, Daniel
      Gender roles and gender ideology can reflect attitudes that society have placed on what it may mean to be masculine or feminine. The sport industry has been characterized to more closely adopt a conventional masculine approach. In this construct, female athletes, as well as male, can be faced with challenges while attempting to navigate conventional gender norms. The purpose of this research case study is to evaluate whether athletes that identify as either female or male differ from their student peers regarding conformity to feminine and masculine gender norms. Twenty-eight student-athletes from a Midwest National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) college responded to a four-point Likert type scale survey on gender norms; of which, sixteen identified as male and twelve identified as female. Results indicated from a calculated mean perspective both male and female athlete identifiers rated similar from a conventional masculine perspective in terms of questions associated with winning and differed the most from a conventional feminine perspective in terms of questions associated with body image / thinness. Interestingly, this cohort of male identifiers responded higher in terms of the importance associated with romantic relationships (a conventional feminine norm), while the female identifiers responded higher in terms of self-reliance (a conventional masculine norm). A limitation of this study is that all participants identified as student-athletes and none as studentonly, therefore all comparisons are made between male and female identified athletes.
    • Data-Driven Decision-Making: Rural Public High School Teachers' Perceptions of Data-Driven Instruction

      Hasenour-Bolling, Amber
      Research is well-established in urban school districts regarding teachers’ engagement in and perceptions of data-driven instruction.  However, little research has been conducted on teachers’ perceptions of using data to inform instruction in rural school districts.  Thus, this quantitative study examined rural public high school teachers’ perceptions of data-driven instruction in Indiana in terms of what types of data they use to support instruction, their attitudes toward data use, their competence in using data to drive instruction, and support systems that help or hinder their ability to effectively participate in data-driven instruction.  Additionally, this study examined possible relationships among demographic variables of rural public high school teachers and their corresponding perceptions of data-driven instruction. 
    • Does GPA accurately measure student achievement based off college graduation rates?

      Mashiana, Hashmat
      There has been an ongoing emphasis on utilizing standards and assessments to dictate college readiness. The purpose of this study is to explore some of the different variables that influence college success from GPA. The study seeks to answer the research question, Does high school GPA accurately measure student achievement based off college graduation rates? The goal is to analyze the demographics of high school graduates and determine whether there is an influence on GPA and college graduates.  
    • Feeding Techniques in the NICU

      Grierson, Madison; Mckinley, Ashley; Cramer, Abby; Antey, Sarah
      Providing adequate nutritional support in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is highly important for developing infants. NICU feeding includings a variety of areas such as lactation, tube feeding, and differing strategies such as cue-based and volume-driven feeding. This presentation dives further into the differing strategies with an emphasis on the benefits and drawbacks. The research showed an increased move to cue-based feeding due to increased benefits for the infants. Cue based feeding shows an increase in positive experiences for the infant with an increased client-centered approach .
    • Hawiyah, A Milestone Project: Maintaining Arabic as a Heritage Language in the USA, Flipping CELTA as a Teaching Approach

      Elrefaey, Azza
      Even though Arabic is the seventh-most frequently spoken language in the United States, it has been unsuccessful in gaining Heritage status since its Americanization process in the late 60s (Naff, 1983, Bale, 2010). Moreover, there has been no systematic approach to teaching Arabic at the institutional and communal levels. For decades, learning Arabic in weekend schools was primarily based on the Grammar-Translation method with little success in raising proficiency levels of spoken Arabic. This presentation outlines my project, The Hawiyah (Identity) Milestone Project, which addresses the need for a research-based approach to Arabic as a second language, the pedagogical challenges, the mobilization of Arabic educators and communities, and the raising of Arabic to the status of a Heritage Language in the United States. This research shows that a combination of CELTA and the Flipped Classroom model not only increases language proficiency and cultural understanding, but it supports the development of Arabic as a Heritage Language in the United States.
    • How Animal Crossing: New Horizons was Used During the Pandemic

      Fiducci, Samantha
      During a time of great isolation, many people turned to old and new hobbies alike to fulfill their time. A large subsection of the population chose video games as not just a distraction, but a way to stay in touch with friends and family. Through quantitative research methods, this paper focuses on the experiences of millennial females who played at least 500 hours of the video game Animal Crossing: New Horizons (ACNH). As a frame, the uses and gratifications theory was determined to be the best lens through which the researcher viewed the results. After IRB approval was received, participants were recruited through Facebook groups dedicated to ACNH gameplay. A single focus group of six participants and four individual interviews were conducted to gather data. Themes found across the interview were sorted into the following: Covid-19 & ACNH, game play (etiquette and rituals), and real life play (representation and needs). After providing specific experiences and quotes from participants in each of these subjects, the main discussion of the paper highlights the significant impact video games had on participants and the need to use this application to recreate or replace real life needs in order for gratification. Thus, it can be stated that ACNH was a welcome addition to the lives of those living through the Covid-19 pandemic.
    • The Impact of Socioeconomic Status on Youth Sport Participation Levels

      Goudreau, Josiah
      According to Cairney et al. (2015), participating in organized sport and physical activities has the potential to offer children numerous health and social benefits. Because of the importance of sport participation, it is vital to understand what impacts sport participation levels. The purpose of this case study is to measure the impact of socioeconomic status on sport participation levels of children and adolescents. Previous research has indicated that socioeconomic status (SES) influences sport participation levels among children and adolescents. Research indicates that children from families with a higher SES are more active in sports than children from families with a lower SES (Rittsteiger et al., 2021). The case study utilized a survey to measure the impact of SES on sport participation levels on youth. The survey was distributed via a youth sports organization director in a midwestern city in the United States, with 10 surveys being collected from parents with children. The results indicate that children with a higher socioeconomic status had higher rates of sport participation. Strategies should be developed by the community to promote and facilitate the sport participation of children and adolescents with a low socioeconomic status. Due to the limited scope of the study, more research should be done to understand the impact of socioeconomic status on youth sport participation in a broader region.
    • Interventions for Alzheimers

      List, Joanna; Lucas, Olivia; McGee, Kaitlyn; Vitaniemi, Tori
      Alzheimer’s disease is defined as a progressive disorder that primarily affects memory, cognition, and behavior. Occupational therapy interventions for individuals with Alzheimer’s disease can focus on cognition, physical exercise, and occupation-based training. Cognitive training improves functional independence, orientation, and concentration as well as decrease anxiety and maladaptive behaviors associated with Alzheimer’s disease. Physical exercise enhances memory, mood, behavior, cognition, balance, strength, and mobility in individuals with Alzheimer’s disease, all of which contribute to occupational performance. Practicing and performing occupations with occasional environmental modifications helps decrease depression, loneliness, and agitation and improve overall quality of life. Occupational therapists are essential members of care teams for individuals with Alzheimer’s disease. References Alzheimer’s Association (2021). What is Alzheimer’s disease? https://www.alz.org/alzheimers-dementia/what-is-alzheimers Arcoverde, C., Deslandes, A., Moraes, H., Almeida, C., de Araujo, N. B., Vasques, P. E., Silveira, H., & Laks, J. (2014). Treadmill training as an augmentation treatment for Alzheimer’s disease: A pilot randomized controlled study. Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquitria, 72(3), 190-196. https://doi.org/10.1590/0004-282X20130231 Ávila, A., De, R. I., Torres, G., Vizcaíno, M., Peralbo, M., & Durán, M. (2018). Promoting functional independence in people with Alzheimer’s disease: Outcomes of a home‐based occupational therapy intervention in Spain. Health & Social Care in the Community, 26(5), 734–743. https://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.12594  Cass, S. P. (2017). Alzheimer’s disease and exercise: A literature review. Current Sports Medicine Reports, 16(1), 19-22. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000332 Farina, E., Mantovani, F., Fioravanti, R., Rotella, G., Villanelli, F., Imbornone, E., & Postiglione, A. (2006). Efficacy of recreational and occupational activities associated to psychologic support in mild to moderate Alzheimer disease: A multicenter controlled study. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, 20, 275–282. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.wad.0000213846.66742.90 Fisher, A. G. (2013). Occupation-centered, occupation-based, occupation-focused: Same, same or different? Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 20, 162-173. Fitzsimmons, S., & Buettner, L. L. (2003). A therapeutic cooking program for older adults with dementia: Effects on agitation and apathy. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 2, 23–33. Gallego, Q., Alexey, E., Clara, R. M., Lina, G., Reyes, A., & Llanos, D. O. (2011). Effects of hatha-yoga program on a small group with Alzheimer’s disease. Yoga & Physical Therapy, 1(3), 1-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2157-7595.1000104 Graff, M. J., Vernooij-Dassen, M. J., Thijssen, M., Dekker, J., Hoefnagels, W. H., & Rikkert, M. G. (2006). Community based occupational therapy for patients with dementia and their caregivers: Randomized controlled trial. BMJ, 333, 1196–1201.doi:10.1136/bmj.39001.688843.BE Graff, M. J. L., Vernooij-Dassen, M. J. M., Thijssen, M., Dekker, J., Hoefnagels, W. H. L., & OldeRikkert, M. G. M. (2007). Effects of community occupational therapy on quality of life, mood, and health status in dementia patients and their caregivers: A randomized controlled trial. The Journals of Gerontology, 62(9), 1002–1009. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/62.9.1002 James, A. B. (2019). Activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living. In B. A. Boyt Schell & G. Gillen (Eds.), Willard and Spackman’s Occupational Therapy (13th ed., pp. 482-497). Wolters Kluwer. Jensen, L. E., & Padilla, R. (2011). Effectiveness of interventions to prevent falls in people with Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 65(5), 532-540. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2011.002626 Kolanowski, A. M., Buettner, L., Costa, P. T., Jr., & Litaker, M. S. (2001). Capturing interests: Therapeutic recreation activities for persons with dementia. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 35, 220–235. Letts, L., Edwards, M., Berenyi, J., Moros, K., O’Neill, C., O’Toole, C., & McGrath, C. (2011). Using occupations to improve quality of life, health and wellness, and client and caregiver satisfaction for people with Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 65(5), 497–504. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2011.002584 Lin, L.-C., Huang, Y.-J., Watson, R., Wu, S.-C., & Lee, Y.-C. (2011). Using a Montessori method to increase eating ability for institutionalised residents with dementia: A crossover design. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20, 3092–3101. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2011.03858.x Padilla, R. (2011). Effectiveness of interventions designed to modify the activity demands of the occupations of self-care and leisure for people with Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 65(5), 523–531. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2011.002618 Passmore, T., Lindenmeier, D., Tapps, T., & Gibson, H. (2007). Impact of participation in community-based recreation programs on reported loneliness and feelings of usefulness of individuals diagnosed with early stage Alzheimer’s disease. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 6, 27–39. Rolland, Y., Pillard, F., Klapouszczak, A., Reynish, E., Thomas, D., Andrieu, S., Rivière, D., & Vellas, B. (2007). Exercise program for nursing home residents with Alzheimer’s disease: A 1-year randomized, control trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 55(2), 158-165. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2007.01035.x Schmidt, H. L., Garcia, A., Izquierdo, I., Mello-Carpes, P. B., & Carpes, F. P. (2019). Strength training and running elicit different neuroprotective outcomes in a β-amyloid peptide-mediated Alzheimer’s disease model. Physiology & Behavior, 206, 206-212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2019.04.012 Smallfield, S., & Heckenlaible, C. (2017). Effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions to enhance occupational performance for adults with alzheimer's disease and related major neurocognitive disorders: A systematic review. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 71(5). https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2017.024752 Sobol, N. A., Hoffman, K., Frederiksen, K. S., Vogel, A., Vestergaard, K., Brændgaard, H., Gottrup, H., Lolk, A., Wermuth, L., Jakobsen, S., Laugesen, L., Gergelyffy, R., Høgh, P., Bjerregaard, E., Siersma, V., Andersen, B. B., Johannsen, P., Waldemar, G.,…, & Beyer, N. (2016). Effect of aerobic exercise on physical performance in patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s & Dementia, 12(12), 1207-1215. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jalz.2016.05.004 Trindade, P. G., Santos, R. L., Lacerda, I. B., Johannessen, A., & Dourado, M. C. N. (2019). Awareness of disease in Alzheimer’s disease: What do patients realize about their own condition? Aging & Mental Health, 23(10), 1292–1299. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2018.1488945 Spector, A., Thorgrimsen, L., Woods, B., Royan, L., Davies, S., & Butterworth, M. (2003). Efficacy of an evidence-based cognitive stimulation therapy program for people with dementia. British Journal of Psychiatry, 183, 248–254. doi: 10.1192/bjp.183.3.248 Van der Ploeg, E. S., Eppingstall, B., Camp, C. J., Runci, S. J., Taffe, J., & O’Connor, D. W. (2013). A randomized crossover trial to study the effect of personalized, one-to-one interaction using Montessori-based activities on agitation, affect, and engagement in nursing home residents with dementia. International Psychogeriatrics, 25, 565–575. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610212002128 Van Tilborg, I. A. D. A., Kessels, R. P. C., & Hulstijn, W. (2011). How should we teach everyday skills in dementia? A controlled study comparing implicit and explicit training methods. Clinical Rehabilitation, 25, 638–648. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215510396738 Verrier-Piersol, C., Jensen, L., Lieberman, D., & Arbesman, M. (2018). Occupational therapy interventions for people with Alzheimer’s disease. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 72, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2018.721001 Yamaguchi, H., Maki, Y., & Takahashi, K. (2011). Rehabilitation for dementia using enjoyable video-sports games. International Psychogeriatrics, 23, 674–676. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610210001912 Young, S. N. (2008). The neurobiology of human social behaviour: An important but neglected topic. Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience, 33(5), 391–392. Yu, F., Nelson, N. W., Savik, K., Wyman, J. F., Dysken, M., & Bronas, U. G. (2013). Affecting cognition and quality of life via aerobic exercise in Alzheimer’s disease. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 35(1), 24-38. DOI: 10.1177/0193945911420174 Yu, F., & Swartwood, R. M. (2012). Feasibility and perception of the impact from aerobic exercise in older adults with Alzheimer’s disease. American Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease & Other Dementias, 27(6), 397-405. DOI: 10.1177/1533317512453492
    • Military Spouses and their Language Learning Experiences Overseas: Does the support exist?

      Bryant, Helen
      When someone has an opportunity to live in a foreign country for an extended period of time, a great opportunity presents itself, where a person can learn the local language and culture during their time immersed in the local community. However, without proper language and culture introduction and training, a person may be met with detrimental culture shock and heightened stereotypical prejudiced thoughts that hinder or complicate language learning and acculturation. Research has shown that the more someone prepares for and engages in the foreign language and culture, the more positive and enriching experience the person seems to undergo before, during, and even after their stay in a different culture. Military personnel and their families are often displaced in foreign locations where they undergo different acculturating experiences. Preliminary research into the topic seems to indicate that there is very little attention that has been given to military spouses’ language learning and cultural experiences. Using a qualitative approach, this research paper argues for the importance of providing proper language and culture education to support positive acculturation experiences of military spouses during their stay abroad. Data were collected from interviews with US military spouses regarding existing programs that military spouses have access to and their perspectives of the effectiveness of these programs. Recommendations for more effective support programs and a better access to existing programs will be provided. These recommendations not only will shed light on the acculturation process that military spouses undergo while living abroad, but will also provide a more reliable and targeted path specifically catered toward military spouses. Instead of the existing programs that do not advocate very strongly towards language and culture education for military spouses, a new direction for this focus will be recommended to support current and future spouses stationed overseas.  
    • Name, Image, and Likeness (NIL) Considerations for USI’s Student Athletes

      Mings, Amy
      If you follow college sports, you have probably heard of the term “Name, Image, and Likeness” (NIL) on repeat. Before the 2021-2022 season, college athletes could get severely punished for receiving compensation in connection with use of their NIL. However, on June 30, 2021, the Division 1 Board of Directors approved an interim name, image, and likeness (NIL) policy. This new policy allows all (National Collegiate Athletic Association) NCAA D1, D2 and D3 student-athletes to be compensated for their NIL as of July 1, 2021, regardless of whether their state has a NIL law in place or not (Murphy, 2021). With USI’s recent announcement to formally apply to the NCAA for a move to Division I, the NIL topic is very relevant for our student athletes and little research has been formally explored. As a graduate assistant and digital creator, I have been assisting USI’s Economics and Marketing Department with both NIL research as well as possible compensation opportunities for our student athletes. This research explores the NIL policy change and provides examples of how USI’s student athletes may be able to profit from their own NIL. Reference: Murphy, Dan. “Guide to Understanding the NCAA's New NIL Rules.” ESPN, 30 June, 2021, NCAA name, image and likeness FAQ - What the rule changes mean for the athletes, schools and more (espn.com)
    • New Harmony Preservation During the 1970s and the Future

      johnson, Vicki
      New Harmony is an important historical town, not just within the United States but it has global significance as well. New Harmony still has a large number of the historic houses and buildings, many of which date to the Harmonist and Owenite periods. Many of these buildings were relocated after the town was declared a UNESCO world heritage site. It is difficult to understand where these structures were initially and how they fit into the town landscape today. The aim of this research was to track where these buildings were initially and to where they were moved. It also provides a brief background on the buildings and the historical significance of each. This research heavily relied on the use of the Historic New Harmony slide collection, and historical maps and photographs contained in the Don Blair collection housed in the University of Southern Indiana Archive digital collections. It also relied on the historical maps housed in the Working Men's Institute Archive in New Harmony and the Library of Congress. By knowing where these structures were initially located within the landscape a better understanding of the town and its space can be had.
    • Occupational Therapy and Oncology Care

      Gee, Carlie; Hebner, Madison; Downs, Abigail
      Occupational therapists can play a key role in oncology care by addressing impairments and disabilities along with the psychological impact of cancer on the individual. Impairments and disabilities focused by occupational therapy can include cognitive dysfunction, fatigue and poor endurance, and physical impairments leading to functional deficits. Although physical impairments are important, occupational therapists should be at the forefront of responding to the psychosocial and functional needs of patients with cancer as well. Further research is needed to examine psychosocial interventions that are used for individuals with cancer in occupational therapy. Occupational therapy is also underutilized in cancer treatment due to a variety of reasons including but not limited to lack of awareness, lack of physician referral, lower education levels of patients, lack of evidence-based practice, and lack of resources.
    • Occupational Therapy in Sports Medicine: Biomechanical, Psychological, and the Athlete's Role

      Michael-Butler, Elizabeth; Benedict, Lily; Kriegshauser, Carolyn
      This research examines Occupational Therapy in Sports Medicine; specifically looking at the aspects of biomechanical, psychological, and the athlete's role. Occupational therapists are qualified clinicians who are able to assess sports related injuries, research preventative measures and interventions, and provide a proper rehabilitation plan which may incorporate the Biomechanical approach as this approach relates to the relationship between musculoskeletal function and how the body is designed for and used in the performance of daily occupations. Regarding the psychological aspect, there is a stigma placed on athletes in that they are seen as weak when seeking help for their mental well-being and occupational therapists are able to provide help to those athletes as well as educate the public on athletes’ mental health. Occupational therapists have a unique, holistic approach to identifying life roles; therefore, they have a responsibility to act as an advocate for athletes who are facing identity foreclosure, difficulties with transitions from athlete to other roles, and for those who are facing mental health issues because of the strains of being an athlete. Occupational therapy is a lesser-known profession and even lesser-known in the world of sports medicine. However, occupational therapy can play a large role within sports medicine and the research shows the need for more promotion of occupational therapy in sports medicine.