Now showing items 1-20 of 147

    • Reducing Cancer Pain with Pharmacology and Alternative Therapies

      Bright, Alyssa
      For Nursing 353 I was assigned to write a literature synthesis paper. The short paper was supposed to model a Systematic Review. A Systematic Review is seen as one of the highest levels of evidence in research because it reaches conclusions based off the inclusion of many resources and references on the selected topic. To decide on a research topic, I selected a clinical area that I was interested in and formulated a PICOT question to answer after reviewing research articles. My research or PICOT question was, “In adult cancer patients, what is the effect of alternative medicines or therapies on pain scores and patient quality of life compared with pharmacological drugs during cancer treatment?” After reviewing three selected scholarly journals I concluded that alternative therapies could decrease pain scores when paired with pharmacologic drugs. A decrease in pain scores helped improve a patient’s quality of life. To further build onto my assignment in class, I will present the findings and process of this assignment. I also created two infographics to provide information. This presentation could be given to other student nurses, nursing faculty, healthcare providers, or another public audience wishing to seek this information. This presentation of information will further disseminate this knowledge which is a vital goal of research done in a researcher’s career.
    • Critical Care Nurse Retention in the Intensive Care Unit and the Impact of COVID-19

      Meek, Lauren
      The critical care setting has the higher rate of turnover more than any other specialty setting in the country. Nurse retention in the critical care environment is becoming a significant problem in the hospital setting and with COVID-19, the need for critical care nurses is greater now than ever before. Turnover is a significant problem in the critical care environment and can lead to a negative outcomes for patients. Empowerment of nurses can help to reduce the impact of role strain and can be beneficial for retaining nurses in all care settings. Leadership needs to come up with incentives to help improve job satisfaction in the critical care setting. Nurses lacking satisfaction in their career can lead to increase incidence of burnout and turnover. Loses due to turnover can prove very costly to the overall growth of an intensive care unit. COVID-19 has had a significant impact on the critical care setting. Nurses have been pushed to the breaking point every day due to the volume of high acuity patients and the lack of adequate staffing to help support nurses to provide their best care. In the Evansville area, nurses have been consistently understaffed and the availability of ICU beds are harder to come by. Some units have been sending pray cards and other words of encouragement to ICU nurses and some nurses have been flexed to the intensive care unit to help to improve staffing. It will be interesting to see how retention and job satisfaction are impacted as we progress through the COVID-19 pandemic and how leadership works to keep nurses feeling empowered during this challenging time.
    • Work Hard, Play Harder: Combating Coronavirus with an Online Game

      Bioinformatics is the creation and application of computational tools and analytical techniques utilized to obtain, examine, and visualize biological data. Specific bioinformatic tools are employed to determine the structural composition of proteins, which play a vital role in the functioning of living organisms. The structure of a protein is the key factor in its ability to perform its job effectively. The way a protein folds into this structure can allow us to see how it would interact with other proteins, therefore making its folding conformation significant in the development of disease-fighting drugs. Foldit, an online computer program, aims to predict the ways in which a protein can fold using human processing skills. Foldit is currently contributing to coronavirus research, specifically contributing possible conformations that the coronavirus inhibitor protein could fold into. The corona virus is surrounded by a circle of spike proteins, which allow the virus to recognize and infect cells. If an antiviral drug is developed to block the recognition of the spike proteins, the virus’ ability to infect human cells would be greatly reduced. Foldit players can play the game to design an antiviral inhibitor protein that can be used against the coronavirus spike protein. The most promising designs will be tested at the University of Washington Institute for Protein Design. The Foldit game provides an opportunity for people to help discover an antiviral protein that could undergo rigorous testing and possibly be employed in a drug that could stop people from getting sick from coronavirus.
    • The Effects of Masks on Breathing

      Anvaripour, Ayli | Turner, Brandon
      As COVID-19 continues to affect the lives of all members of the USI community, Ayli Anvaripour and Brandon Turner decided to present their Honors capstone on the controversial topic: The Effect of Masks on Breathing. People around the world continue to ask, "Are my blood oxygen levels decreasing as a result of wearing a mask?" To answer this question, this presentation dives into the physiological processes that occur while breathing and how wearing a mask affects these processes. To stress the importance of wearing a mask during the COVID-19 pandemic, this presentation also explains the lack of significance behind decreased oxygen levels and how masks are easily permeable to gaseous molecules like oxygen and carbon dioxide. Additionally, this presentation explains the overall importance of wearing a mask to prevent the spread of common airborne illnesses (e.g. influenza), as fabric and surgical masks are a sufficient barrier.
    • Economic Effects Resulting from SARS-CoV-2

      Payne, Kristin
      As the first global pandemic in over 100 years, SARS-CoV-2, better known as the coronavirus, wreaked havoc on the world in 2020. Looking at the virus’s lifespan and its consequences for major world economies shows significant variations in the effects on the United States and the People’s Republic of China. A close investigation of the changes in macroeconomic factors, specifically the unemployment rate, gross domestic product, and the national and external debts of each country throughout the year show just how differently the virus affected each nation. The reasons behind these differences are found to be in variations of economic theories, government systems, and political affiliations. The People’s Republic of China is a socialist republic with a communist economic theory. Chinese citizens hold a mindset of concern for all other people and the good of the whole. Accordingly, Chinese citizens were quick to comply with safety recommendations and follow social distancing guidelines. Conversely, the United States of America is a democratic republic with a capitalist economic theory where citizens hold a mindset of individual freedom and personal gain. Under the American government, citizens tend to exercise their individual freedom and resist COVID-19 safety mandates. Political affiliation, whether Republican or Democrat, also played a key role in American citizens’ willingness to comply with safety regulations. The differences between the Chinese and American adherence to safety restrictions resulted in a drastic distinction in the pandemic’s duration, lifespan, and resulting effect on the countries’ economies. In order to eradicate the virus as quickly as possible and begin healing the American economy, United States citizens should adopt the Chinese mindset of cooperation and model their quick actions in mitigating the spread of the virus.
    • A Furry Friend: An Autoethnography on the Relationship Between Gender Identity and Fursonas

      Pfingston, Ben
      Transgender people identify as a gender other than the one assigned to them at birth, whether this is male, female, or something else entirely. Furries are people who have an interest in anthropomorphic animals, and many have a “fursona”, or an animal representation of the self. Furries often use fursonas to reflect a sexual or gender identity. LGBT+ people are a majority in the furry fandom, and there are more transgender people than in the general population. Given that transgender people are more common in the furry community, research looking into the relationship between gender development and furry identity could yield interesting insights. The following project is an autoethnography done by a trans man who is a furry. His previous and current fursonas were dated and redrawn. Then, these fursonas were analyzed based on appearance and the author’s life events at the time, with a focus on his relationship to his gender. The analysis indicates that, not only did his fursonas change with his gender, but that the fursonas themselves were used as a tool for gender exploration. The use of a fursona to explore gender was useful in many ways, including it being risk-free in terms of internal discomfort as well as externally. These findings may be significant for people who are looking for a safe way to explore their relationship with their gender.
    • Audit and Artificial Intelligence: A Literature Review

      Bradley, David | Stradtner, Allison | Seitz, Jamie
      Recently, artificial intelligence (AI) has moved to the forefront of bringing efficiency and convenience to various activities. AI has been engineered toward learning from user inputs and data to “think” like humans and make predictions and recommendations to carry out tasks and improve processes (“Short Primer,” n.d.). Meanwhile, the fields of accounting and finance have encountered efficiency issues due to the high-volume and variety of data involved in monitoring and analyzing financial information. The professionals within the business are aiming to use technology to automate repetitive, tedious tasks and allow more time for building organizational strategies and advising clients. This literature review was conducted to gain a better understanding of how artificial intelligence can assist in the accounting discipline of auditing. Virtual interviews were also conducted to obtain first-hand experience with current AI systems.
    • Big Data, A Big Problem

      Dodson, Sean
      This presentation covers several topics regarding Big Data such as what the definition of data is and how it is stored electronically. Starting with what data is and how data in large scale and complexity has been managed and analyzed historically using punch cards moving on to electronic tape to current digital storage methods. Big Data can be broken down into three defining categories: volume, velocity, and variety. Data gets generated in large quantities very quickly with large disparity of type. Text, audio, video, sensor data and other types all need information regarding their meaning to be made useful to those that seek to use it. Without the contextual information explaining that the numerical pattern 8125551234 is a phone number, the numerical data is useless. Once this data is made meaningful with the correct contextual information the next task is to take this data and sort and analyze it to find trends, patterns, irregularities or whatever may be useful to the interested parties and stake holders. Companies today are receiving larger quantities of more complex data than any other time in history. This trending increase in data production, the rate of production and variety of data type is only going to get more complex as time moves forward. This data is crucial to modern organizations if they want to remain competitive and profitable.
    • Understanding Gibson's Paradox

      Gruber, Marshall
      Gibson’s paradox has confounded economists for decades. Observing data regarding interest rates and inflation over hundreds of years, the prediction that interest rates and inflation would be positively correlated has proven false. Stranger yet, the predicted correlation actually does hold true and the paradox fades away when countries have abandoned the gold standard, only for it to return without explanation. Alfred Herbert Gibson, who first noted the paradox and for whom it is named, attempted to resolve the paradox by theorizing that the correlation. Would be delayed as interest rates would slowly react to the inflation rate. John Maynard Keynes and Milton Friedman, perhaps the two biggest names in economics in the twentieth century, also attempted to resolve the paradox with different theories. Alas, the data has not supported any of the theories proposed. This project proposes a new revision to Irving Fisher’s original theory in an attempt to explain some of the fluctuations of interest rates over the past two centuries.
    • 3rd Annual Graduate Student Colloquium

      USI Graduate Studies
      In an effort to make this third annual Graduate Student Colloquium more accessible to our increasingly large number of students, both online as well as those on-campus, we have selected as its theme Accessibility. This theme also reflects the University of Southern Indiana’s 2015-2020 Strategic Plan, which included “access by design” as one of its three strategic goals. As the university transitions to its third strategic plan, we take this opportunity to celebrate Accessibility in all of its manifestations.
    • Advanced Care Planning: An Option for Quality End-of-Life Care

      Oliveira de Almeida, Taynara
      What is it? It would be inconceivable to any American to be forced to do something or be subjected to any treatment they disagree about. This is not the reality to many Americans, however, who face their last moments. Unfortunately, many Americans are still subjected to treatments, procedures, and medication they have not authorized. Advance Care Planning (ACP) is a process about reflection of goals and values and communicating them to family or friends to guarantee a patient’s wishes can be met if they are incapable in a life threating illness or an unexpected event. ACP is for every patient, their family, and the healthcare professionals involved in their care (McMahan, Knight, Fried & Sudore, 2013; Howard, et al., 2015; Respecting Choices, 2011). Legality According to the Universal Declaration of Bioethics and Human Rights (2006), no interest should overcome the well-being of an individual. The Declaration of Human Rights (1998), states that no one should go under inhumane or degrading treatment. The right to choose what treatments patients would like to receive or not is also defended by the bioethical principle of autonomy and the Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA) (1990), a federal law that should be complied in order to people can control decisions that affect their health. Benefits Allowing patients to choose what care they would like to receive in their final moments of life guarantees dignity. By preventing unwanted treatments and procedures and guaranteeing their most important wishes. Preventing them to go under treatments that are not beneficial for them and guaranteeing they will have things that are really important to them (Houben, Spruit, Groenen, Wouters,  & Janssen, 2014). It is not possible to scientifically prove the benefits of ACP, but considering that ACP proposes a dialogue between a patient and those involve in their care, it shows benefits their relationship and prevents disagreements when the time to call for actions arrives (Kolarik, Arnold, Fischer & Tulsky, 2002, Sudore, et al., 2017). Howard, M., Bernard, C., Tan, A., Slaven, M., Klein, D., & Heyland, D. K. (2015). Advance care planning: Let’s start sooner. Canadian Family Physician, 61, 663–665. Houben, C. H. M., Spruit, M. A., Groenen, M. T. J., Wouters, E. F. M., & Janssen, D. J. A. (2014). Efficacy of advance care planning: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 15(7), 1–13. Kolarik, R. C., Arnold, R. M., Fischer, G. S., & Tulsky, J. A. (2002). Objectives for Advance Care Planning. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 5(5), 697–704. McMahan, R. D., Knight, S. J., Fried, T. R., & Sudore, R. L. (2013). Advance care planning beyond advance directives: Perspectives from patients and surrogates. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 46(3), 355–365. Organização das Nações Unidas. (1998). Declaração Universal dos Direitos Humanos. Brasília. Respecting Choices. (2011). First Steps ACP Interview Tool. United States of America. Sudore, R. L., Lum, H. D., You, J. J., Hanson, L. C., Meier, D. E., & Pantilat, S. Z. (2017). Defining advance care planning for adults: a consensus definition from a multidisciplinary delphi panel. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 53(5), 821–832. The Patient Self-Determination Act. A matter of life and death. - PubMed - NCBI. ([s.d.]). Retrieved February 17th ,2020, from UNESCO. (2006). Declaração Universal sobre Bioética e Direitos Humanos. Lisboa. U.S. Congress: Patient Self-Determination Act. Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA), Pub L 101- 508 (1990).
    • Accessibility, Inclusivity and the Bottom Line

      Head, Jennifer
      Rationale: Corporate culture aspires to maximize the collective productivity and synergy of its employees as a means to achieve desired financial results. Objectives: This poster examines the influence of Critical Disability Theory on corporate values and hierarchies, and the deliberate and balancing force that mindful, sustained cultures of inclusivity and accessibility have on the ultimate success of corporations.  Methods: The methodologies reflected in this research include surveys, interviews, case studies and analysis of public financial results. Results: There is a positive relationship between inclusivity and organizational performance.  Deloitte reports organizations with inclusive cultures are twice as likely to meet or exceed financial targets and Gompers and Kovvali found venture capital firms with a 10% increase in female partner hires translated to a 1.5% increase in overall fund returns and 9.7% more profitable exits, where the baseline is 28.8% profitable exists for venture capital investments. Conclusions: Active commitment to a culture of inclusivity and accessibility makes a measurable and sustained impact on both productivity and innovation.  The most successful organizations have not only reexamined and adjusted their policies, but have most critically committed to ongoing, purposeful training and exercises reinforcing the tenets of inclusivity.  
    • Nonprofit's Online Accountability: Does Subsector Affect Online Accountability?

      Yaro, Fatin
      Since the big scandals that hit the nonprofit sector (United Way, Red Cross), it has more and more become an expectation for organizations to disclose information online. Those include financial statements, annual reports, Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Form 990, just to name a few. The development of the internet and social media has made it easier to be accountable and transparent to the general public. The literature on nonprofits & online accountability has proven that organizations are affected by their size, age, asset, and revenue. An analysis of nonprofit & online accountability by subsector has not yet been conducted. This study aims to investigate how subsector (health, education, arts and culture, and human services) influences how accountable and transparent nonprofits are with their stakeholders and the general public.
    • Students with Invisible Disabilities in Higher Education

      Johnson, Hannah
      Accessibility is rooted in equality. Spaces become more accessible to marginalized groups when platforms are created, and the impacted populations are given decision making power. Inviting underrepresented communities into the conversation- and giving space for them to speak uncontested- is necessary if we are to achieve true accessibility.  According to Ryan and Bauman (2016) students with disabilities face significant challenges to completing their postsecondary education. Only 16.7% of students with disabilities succeed at earning a bachelor’s degree, compared to 34.9% of the general population. (Deckoff-Jones & Duell, 2018). Measures have been taken by various large universities to increase access for students with disabilities; however too often students with invisible disabilities go without proper accommodations. There are a striking number of cases of students who are unaware of their disability until enrolling in college. All students deserve to attend an institution that provides necessary accommodations without a lengthy waiting period or administrative obstacles. Educators at a university level should be compelled to create an environment conducive to students of all abilities; or be willing to make reasonable accommodations for students with a physical or cognitive impairment. A student’s academic performance should not suffer because of their inability and an educator’s unwillingness to collaborate.  This presentation will offer ideas to faculty, staff, and administration regarding accessibility for students with disabilities in higher education. This collective research focuses on accessibility in the classroom, campus, and engaging administrators to recognize the dire need to increase accessibility measures. This presentation aims to offer insight into helping university students with disabilities to be successful from the perspective of a graduate student with an invisible disability in the social work department.  References Deckoff-Jones, A., & Duell, M. (2018). Perceptions of Appropriateness of Accommodations for University Students: Does Disability Type Matter?. Rehabilitation Psychology, 63(1), 68-76. 
    • Canada's Reputation and Emigration in Early American Slave Narratives

      Sellers, Rachel
      Canada regularly makes appearances in the literature, news, and even the popular culture of the United States (U.S.). Canada appears in Margaret Atwood’s novel The Handmaid’s Tale (1985), it plays an even larger role in Hulu’s television adaptation of Atwood’s novel, it appears in episodes of The Daily Show, and in other media readily consumed by the American public. Being one of only two countries to share a border with the United States, it is easy to recognize why references to Canada appear sporadically in narratives written about the United States. By exploring American Literature specifically, Americans’ varying attitudes toward its northern neighbor are apparent. The reputation of Canada is depicted both positively and negatively. One example is how early American literary narratives, especially slave narratives, depict Canada as the North Star, the Promised Land, and the terminus of the Underground Railroad. Canada’s influence and significance on the literary history of the U.S. – especially before, during, and immediately following the U.S. Civil War – is underestimated and sometimes disregarded. The ultimate purpose of this paper is to identify and examine these covert representations and illuminate the ways in which Canada became unofficially regarded as, and possibly remains to this day, a safe haven for fugitive slaves, immigrants, and outcasts of U.S. society. I will use the history of the United States in conjunction with the texts Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl by Harriett Jacobs, Blake; or, the Huts of America by Martin R. Delany, and Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriett Beecher Stowe to illustrate early Americans’ attitudes toward Canada and how these attitudes were formed. These texts will show how slaves were empowered and inspired by the mere existence of Canada. Themes of resistance, marronage, and identity aid in the formation of Canada’s reputation. Furthermore, I will show evidence that these attitudes and themes persist in American culture today.
    • Collaborative Media Literacy: Co-using of Mobile Smartphones among Teens and Adults

      Apkhazishvili, Salome
      Answering the question of how many smart technologies an average American family owns takes time to count, re-count and name the exact number. Among many smart technologies, there are, at least, two smartphones in each family. The STATISTA chart shows that from 2011 through 2019 smartphone ownership in the USA increased from 35% to 81%. Even more interesting is what the Pew Research Institute study says about the decreasing level of the generational divide. When it comes to smartphone ownership, 90% of Gen Xers (ages 39-45 this year) have it, compared to millennials (ages 23-38 this year) whose percentage rate is 93%. A smartphone appears to bridge a generational divide. Yet, there is a less qualitative research on it. This thesis project examines parent-child communication when it comes to smartphone regulation. By interviewing the parents of 10-17 years old kids, the goal is to reveal the major concerns and advantages a smartphone pose in digital parenting. At the same time, this qualitative study aims to investigate what parents and kids learn from each other when it comes to smartphone usage. In the age of increasing the presence of smartphones in our lives, the major question goes to the validity of the parental mediation model that was initially created to handle TV-challenge, but does it works with the smartphone as well?
    • The Effects of the WUSTL-ALLEX Japanese Teacher Training on Participants’ Teaching

      Amioka, Shoke
      PURPOSE OF MY PROJECT The aim of this study is to clarify how the WUSTL-ALLEX Japanese Teacher Training could affect participants’ teaching. As a graduate of the teacher training course, I observed and analyzed my teaching demonstration that I did during the course. I also observed my current teaching at Beginning Japanese courses at University of Southern Indiana to analyze how my teaching style has changed and/or maintained the principles that I learned through the teaching training over. I am going to interview 7 participants who took part in the same teacher training course as trainee teachers in 2018 at Washington University in St. Louis to see what principles of the teacher training institute they have maintained or not maintained in their workplace. The result of my project will become valuable recourse to see the effectiveness of the course of the WUSTL-ALLEX Japanese Teacher Training and to find areas that should be improved. The WUSTL-ALLEX Japanese Teacher Training Institute The WUSTL-ALLEX Japanese Teacher Training Institute is a full-time intensive program which are held each summer at Washington University in St. Louis (ALLEX Foundation, n.d.). The course has mainly three goals. The first goal is “to instill an understanding of developments in language teaching (particularly Japanese language teaching,) that view language as meaning-making activity that involves reflective performance (AELLEX Foundation, n.d.)”. The second goal is “to give ample opportunities in practice teaching with abundant constructive feedback (AELLEX Foundation, n.d.)”. The last goal is “to prepare participants to assume responsibility for an elementary language program at an American institution (AELLEX Foundation, n.d.)”. The seven participants and I completed the two-month program in August 2018, as preparation for a teaching assignment at different schools in the U.S. The seven-week summer teacher training program was taught by master university instructors and experts in Japanese pedagogy. The summer program emphasized the teaching of Japanese specifically to native-English speakers, an important perspective rarely studied by language teachers trained in Asia where most language students are from nearby Asian countries and have very different language backgrounds from students in the American university classroom (ALLEX Foundation, n.d.). TOPICS COVERED IN The WUSTL-ALLEX Japanese Teacher Training Institute The curriculum of the full-time-intensive summer program included a lecture component (covering such topics as the basic principles of effective Japanese language pedagogy, classroom teaching techniques, the linguistic analysis of Japanese, and language testing); an observation component (during which participants observe and analyze actual Japanese language classes taught by master instructors); and a demonstration component (during which participants teach actual Japanese class sessions, which are videotaped and later critiqued by program faculty members) (AELLEX Foundation, n.d.). There were mainly two unique characteristics in the Beginning Japanese program they offered to Japanese language learners. The focus of the course was to train students to function successfully in the Japanese culture, using Japanese as your primary language. The program focused on teaching them how to present themselves in a way that is comfortable for Japanese people. The course aimed to help students to develop skills in Japanese to cross ethnic, cultural, ideological and national boundaries and to gain an understanding of Japanese interpersonal behavior and related thought patterns. The students were expected to build a basic Japanese language proficiency but also demonstrate a level of cultural understanding suitable for correct performance of assigned tasks in Japanese (e.g. how to appropriately make a request). The other unique feature the program had was the class format. There were two types of class. ACT classes are conducted entirely in Japanese, which means no English was allowed. In ACT classes students perform in Japanese, utilizing knowledge and skills they learned at home. Students’ performance will be graded hourly and feedback as to how to further improve your performance will be provided by the instructors on a regular basis. On the other hand, FACT classes were usually held twice a week and support your performance in ACT classes. FACT classes are conducted primarily in English to discuss mechanics of the course, connections between sentence patterns and cultural interactional strategies, strategies for communicating in Japanese, and other components of the learning materials. There are frequent quizzes in FACT classes. RESEARCH QUESTIONS What principles of the WUSTL-ALLEX Japanese Teacher Training Institute have the graduates maintained in different educational institutions where they work? What principles of the WUSTL-ALLEX Japanese Teacher Training did the participants have to change or adjust in order to meet their students’ needs or schools’ policies? How are the trainee teachers now feeling about the teacher training course? What areas they think should be improved or appreciate. METHODOLOGY Review ALLEX Philosophy and principles. Analyze my teaching demonstration which was videotaped in the WUSTL-ALLEX course. (five times in total) Analyze my current teaching which was also videotaped in JPN102 Beginning Japanese Spring 2020. (seven times in total) Interview seven graduates from the WUSTL-ALLEX course to analyze their teaching. Collect data. Results Discussion Conclusion including suggesting what areas of the teacher training course should be appreciated and what areas should be improved for the program’s development. BIBLIOGRAPHY ALLEX Foundation. (n.d.). Curriculum. Retrieved February 2020, from ALLEX Founation: ALLEX Foundation. (n.d.). ALLEX Foundation. Retrieved Feburuary 2020, from ALLXT Foundation: ALLEX Foundation. (n.d.). ALLEX Foundation. Retrieved February 2020, from ALLEX Program Overview: Banni, E., Ikeda, Y., Ohno, Y., Shinagawa, C., & Takashiki, K. (2011). GENKI ? An Integrated Course In Elementary Japanese Seond Edition (Vol. 1). Chiyodaku, Tokyo, Japan: The Japan Times, Ltd. Matthew , C. B., & Warnick, P. J. (2006). Performed culture : an approach to East Asian language pedagogy. Columbus, Ohio, USA: The Ohio State University Press.
    • Accent Reduction Strategies for Higher Employability

      Morgan, Virginia
      Foreign accents can sometimes have an impact on the credibility of an individual trying to obtain employment. Accents of certain individuals may change the way ones views their intelligence and trustworthiness. There are many strategies that one can take for accent reduction in order to highlight employability. The judgements of those that are interviewing candidates often is reliant upon what they have been exposed to in their own lives. In order to teach those that are interviewing, one must look at those strategies that lessen the gap between the foreign languages at hand. One must look at strategies for not only those that are interviewing, but also the employers and teachers. Many case studies showcase that the majority of those that have an accent are often presented with stating false statements than those that do not. We see this in employment rates where US immigrants have higher unemployment rates. One must look at this correlation between credibility and trustworthiness and accents during the interview process. Language characteristics of the interviewee may allow the future employer to identify the speaker’s ethnicity, creating a blockage in the employability due to lack of knowledge or stereotyping. The American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) is devoted to teaching those with foreign language accents. We can use the levels the ACTFL has created with the accents in individuals looking for employment in order to train those interviewing to fully understand how and why they answer questions the way that they do. Displaying the level that a foreign accent speaker has can allow for proper employability when interviewing for a new position. With these strategies, among others, we can value those that have foreign accents and allow them to highlight their employability and diminish the higher rates of unemployment. "
    • Let’s Talk About Sex: Examining the Teens’ Sexuality in Netflix’s TV-series Sex Education

      Apkhazishvili, Salome
      Sex Education, a recently aired teen comedy (2019) is another revelation of Netflix’s ideology, create product that genuinely fits the millennial interests. An appealing title, and the highly saturated sex scenes is something that instantly grabs attention to binge watching it; however, this is an invitation to spark discussion on the way teens think and talk about sex, by whom and which circumstances they get educated about sexual health and intimate relationships, and what are the consequences of absence the proper sex education. By applying the close textual analysis, this paper examines the dominant narratives represented in this TV-show. Overall, the analysis reveals the ways teens look at their, and others’, sexual life, the needs they have to cross the border from teen to adolescence with less pain. The show also emphasizes the major players in sex education, and, ultimately, gives us a close-up shot of the issue.
    • Accessibility: ADA Compliance through the Professional Practice of Interior Design to Accommodate Americans with Hidden Disabilities

      Anderson, Alyce
      The professional practice of Interior Design encompasses the integration of functional building systems with the aesthetic application of materials. It often requires significant research and the understanding of all facets of human interaction and needs. One key aspect of such functionality relates to the concept of the physical accessibility of building spaces. A major component of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA 1990) existed in an inclusive approach to provide for the populous possessing physical limitations by removing barriers to those disabilities. More recently, a rise in the prevalence of conditions, although considered more hidden and often possessing less-physical limitations, yet still pose accessibility challenges has forced the development of an extensive list of disabilities to be covered under the ADA umbrella. Many of these conditions were included in the updated ADA Amendments Act (2008). Separately, as licensing requirements for the professional practice of Interior Designers has also grown, the National Council for Interior Design Qualifications developed a more expanded definition of the professional practice in 2018. Specifically, as shown on the organization’s website, Interior Designers are tasked with not only addressing code-compliance and physical accessibility but also should consider the mental and emotional needs of people. These expansions blow open the limited understanding of accessibility as previously addressed simply by removing physical barriers towards inclusivity. Many reasonable accommodations for these hidden disabilities require specific boundaries and often fall under federal privacy protections presenting unique challenges to inclusivity. Examples of such conditions include Autism, PTSD, ADHD and food allergies. With such a complex list of more than 55 hidden conditions under the umbrella, the functional practice of Interior Design requires a new approach. Significant research should be conducted to understand the relationship between the protection of this continuously growing segment of the population and the numerous privacy issues that preclude precaution. An approach of identifying the interconnective requirements of the hidden disability population into sets could provide the means of constructing a balanced solution of inclusive sets of boundaries within the construction of public spaces.