Now showing items 1-20 of 303

    • Tamara Hunt Capstone Project for the Master of Arts in Liberal Studies

      Hunt, Tamara
      Feminism and Political Economy: Harriet Martineau on Nineteenth-Century Irish Women, Tamara L. Hunt, University of Southern Indiana Abstract: During her 1852 tour of famine-stricken Ireland, Harriet Martineau wrote that so many Irish women performed manual labor that it would take time for them to “find their natural place as housewives,” adding that “there is abundant evidence that they have not sunk from that position, but rather risen from a lower one than they now fill.” Given Martineau’s advocacy for women’s rights, this statement seems to be the antithesis of feminism. But she was a political economist as well as a feminist, and this combination gave her a unique perspective. Hers is the only contemporary analysis by a political economist that discusses the intrinsic value of women’s domestic labor, and she argued that Ireland’s economic recovery required a stable domestic economy in every home. In effect, she argued that women had a significant and identifiable role to play in the rebuilding of Ireland’s economy, one which elevated women’s domestic role by giving it intrinsic value in economic and social reform.   False News, Commerce, and Seditious Libel in Early 18th Century England, Tamara L. Hunt, University of Southern Indiana Abstract: Debates about “fake news” in 18th century England focused on its commercial and legal implications. A pamphlet of the 1720s suggested coffeehouses print their own newspapers to avoid the “Falshoods and the idlest Fictions” published in in existing papers. Inaccurate or outright false news misled merchants and traders who gathered in coffeehouses and potentially damaged the country’s economy, and editors increasingly promoted their papers as containing accurate accounts. To stifle its critics, the government used seditious libel laws to charge them with publishing “false, seditious, scandalous and malicious” news, even if its reports were factually accurate. For decades, British courts had ruled that truth could not be used as a defense against a charge of libel, but since credibility was becoming an important selling-point for newspapers (and a key to their financial success), their proprietors began to answer allegations of seditious libel with claims that what they published was true, a concept that would ultimately be accepted in law. Thus, the rise of a commercial society and its demand for accurate news reporting contributed to limits on the government’s ability to stifle its critics in the press.   Spreading the Word of Reform: The New Harmony Gazette, 1825-1828, Tamara L. Hunt, University of Southern Indiana Abstract: One of the first acts of the Robert Owen’s communal society in New Harmony, Indiana, was the establishment of its newspaper, the New Harmony Gazette. From the first issue, it featured lengthy accounts of Owen’s speeches, essays, and ideas about social reform. Since New Harmony residents were already familiar with Owen’s ideas and had relocated to New Harmony as a result, it seems clear that these reports were as much aimed at those outside the Owenite community as the local residents.  In fact, the paper’s distribution network meant that these ideas spread far beyond the Indiana frontier, and the paper’s editors and correspondents debated Owenite ideas with peers writing for papers scattered across the country, including New York, Boston, and Washington, DC, as well as regional papers in Illinois, Kentucky and Missouri. In effect, the New Harmony Gazette This was similar to the growing number of religious newspapers of the era, with their focus on proselytizing via the printed word. 
    • Reducing Cancer Pain with Pharmacology and Alternative Therapies

      Bright, Alyssa
      For Nursing 353 I was assigned to write a literature synthesis paper. The short paper was supposed to model a Systematic Review. A Systematic Review is seen as one of the highest levels of evidence in research because it reaches conclusions based off the inclusion of many resources and references on the selected topic. To decide on a research topic, I selected a clinical area that I was interested in and formulated a PICOT question to answer after reviewing research articles. My research or PICOT question was, “In adult cancer patients, what is the effect of alternative medicines or therapies on pain scores and patient quality of life compared with pharmacological drugs during cancer treatment?” After reviewing three selected scholarly journals I concluded that alternative therapies could decrease pain scores when paired with pharmacologic drugs. A decrease in pain scores helped improve a patient’s quality of life. To further build onto my assignment in class, I will present the findings and process of this assignment. I also created two infographics to provide information. This presentation could be given to other student nurses, nursing faculty, healthcare providers, or another public audience wishing to seek this information. This presentation of information will further disseminate this knowledge which is a vital goal of research done in a researcher’s career.
    • Critical Care Nurse Retention in the Intensive Care Unit and the Impact of COVID-19

      Meek, Lauren
      The critical care setting has the higher rate of turnover more than any other specialty setting in the country. Nurse retention in the critical care environment is becoming a significant problem in the hospital setting and with COVID-19, the need for critical care nurses is greater now than ever before. Turnover is a significant problem in the critical care environment and can lead to a negative outcomes for patients. Empowerment of nurses can help to reduce the impact of role strain and can be beneficial for retaining nurses in all care settings. Leadership needs to come up with incentives to help improve job satisfaction in the critical care setting. Nurses lacking satisfaction in their career can lead to increase incidence of burnout and turnover. Loses due to turnover can prove very costly to the overall growth of an intensive care unit. COVID-19 has had a significant impact on the critical care setting. Nurses have been pushed to the breaking point every day due to the volume of high acuity patients and the lack of adequate staffing to help support nurses to provide their best care. In the Evansville area, nurses have been consistently understaffed and the availability of ICU beds are harder to come by. Some units have been sending pray cards and other words of encouragement to ICU nurses and some nurses have been flexed to the intensive care unit to help to improve staffing. It will be interesting to see how retention and job satisfaction are impacted as we progress through the COVID-19 pandemic and how leadership works to keep nurses feeling empowered during this challenging time.
    • Work Hard, Play Harder: Combating Coronavirus with an Online Game

      Bioinformatics is the creation and application of computational tools and analytical techniques utilized to obtain, examine, and visualize biological data. Specific bioinformatic tools are employed to determine the structural composition of proteins, which play a vital role in the functioning of living organisms. The structure of a protein is the key factor in its ability to perform its job effectively. The way a protein folds into this structure can allow us to see how it would interact with other proteins, therefore making its folding conformation significant in the development of disease-fighting drugs. Foldit, an online computer program, aims to predict the ways in which a protein can fold using human processing skills. Foldit is currently contributing to coronavirus research, specifically contributing possible conformations that the coronavirus inhibitor protein could fold into. The corona virus is surrounded by a circle of spike proteins, which allow the virus to recognize and infect cells. If an antiviral drug is developed to block the recognition of the spike proteins, the virus’ ability to infect human cells would be greatly reduced. Foldit players can play the game to design an antiviral inhibitor protein that can be used against the coronavirus spike protein. The most promising designs will be tested at the University of Washington Institute for Protein Design. The Foldit game provides an opportunity for people to help discover an antiviral protein that could undergo rigorous testing and possibly be employed in a drug that could stop people from getting sick from coronavirus.
    • The Effects of Masks on Breathing

      Anvaripour, Ayli | Turner, Brandon
      As COVID-19 continues to affect the lives of all members of the USI community, Ayli Anvaripour and Brandon Turner decided to present their Honors capstone on the controversial topic: The Effect of Masks on Breathing. People around the world continue to ask, "Are my blood oxygen levels decreasing as a result of wearing a mask?" To answer this question, this presentation dives into the physiological processes that occur while breathing and how wearing a mask affects these processes. To stress the importance of wearing a mask during the COVID-19 pandemic, this presentation also explains the lack of significance behind decreased oxygen levels and how masks are easily permeable to gaseous molecules like oxygen and carbon dioxide. Additionally, this presentation explains the overall importance of wearing a mask to prevent the spread of common airborne illnesses (e.g. influenza), as fabric and surgical masks are a sufficient barrier.
    • Economic Effects Resulting from SARS-CoV-2

      Payne, Kristin
      As the first global pandemic in over 100 years, SARS-CoV-2, better known as the coronavirus, wreaked havoc on the world in 2020. Looking at the virus’s lifespan and its consequences for major world economies shows significant variations in the effects on the United States and the People’s Republic of China. A close investigation of the changes in macroeconomic factors, specifically the unemployment rate, gross domestic product, and the national and external debts of each country throughout the year show just how differently the virus affected each nation. The reasons behind these differences are found to be in variations of economic theories, government systems, and political affiliations. The People’s Republic of China is a socialist republic with a communist economic theory. Chinese citizens hold a mindset of concern for all other people and the good of the whole. Accordingly, Chinese citizens were quick to comply with safety recommendations and follow social distancing guidelines. Conversely, the United States of America is a democratic republic with a capitalist economic theory where citizens hold a mindset of individual freedom and personal gain. Under the American government, citizens tend to exercise their individual freedom and resist COVID-19 safety mandates. Political affiliation, whether Republican or Democrat, also played a key role in American citizens’ willingness to comply with safety regulations. The differences between the Chinese and American adherence to safety restrictions resulted in a drastic distinction in the pandemic’s duration, lifespan, and resulting effect on the countries’ economies. In order to eradicate the virus as quickly as possible and begin healing the American economy, United States citizens should adopt the Chinese mindset of cooperation and model their quick actions in mitigating the spread of the virus.
    • A Furry Friend: An Autoethnography on the Relationship Between Gender Identity and Fursonas

      Pfingston, Ben
      Transgender people identify as a gender other than the one assigned to them at birth, whether this is male, female, or something else entirely. Furries are people who have an interest in anthropomorphic animals, and many have a “fursona”, or an animal representation of the self. Furries often use fursonas to reflect a sexual or gender identity. LGBT+ people are a majority in the furry fandom, and there are more transgender people than in the general population. Given that transgender people are more common in the furry community, research looking into the relationship between gender development and furry identity could yield interesting insights. The following project is an autoethnography done by a trans man who is a furry. His previous and current fursonas were dated and redrawn. Then, these fursonas were analyzed based on appearance and the author’s life events at the time, with a focus on his relationship to his gender. The analysis indicates that, not only did his fursonas change with his gender, but that the fursonas themselves were used as a tool for gender exploration. The use of a fursona to explore gender was useful in many ways, including it being risk-free in terms of internal discomfort as well as externally. These findings may be significant for people who are looking for a safe way to explore their relationship with their gender.
    • Audit and Artificial Intelligence: A Literature Review

      Bradley, David | Stradtner, Allison | Seitz, Jamie
      Recently, artificial intelligence (AI) has moved to the forefront of bringing efficiency and convenience to various activities. AI has been engineered toward learning from user inputs and data to “think” like humans and make predictions and recommendations to carry out tasks and improve processes (“Short Primer,” n.d.). Meanwhile, the fields of accounting and finance have encountered efficiency issues due to the high-volume and variety of data involved in monitoring and analyzing financial information. The professionals within the business are aiming to use technology to automate repetitive, tedious tasks and allow more time for building organizational strategies and advising clients. This literature review was conducted to gain a better understanding of how artificial intelligence can assist in the accounting discipline of auditing. Virtual interviews were also conducted to obtain first-hand experience with current AI systems.
    • Big Data, A Big Problem

      Dodson, Sean
      This presentation covers several topics regarding Big Data such as what the definition of data is and how it is stored electronically. Starting with what data is and how data in large scale and complexity has been managed and analyzed historically using punch cards moving on to electronic tape to current digital storage methods. Big Data can be broken down into three defining categories: volume, velocity, and variety. Data gets generated in large quantities very quickly with large disparity of type. Text, audio, video, sensor data and other types all need information regarding their meaning to be made useful to those that seek to use it. Without the contextual information explaining that the numerical pattern 8125551234 is a phone number, the numerical data is useless. Once this data is made meaningful with the correct contextual information the next task is to take this data and sort and analyze it to find trends, patterns, irregularities or whatever may be useful to the interested parties and stake holders. Companies today are receiving larger quantities of more complex data than any other time in history. This trending increase in data production, the rate of production and variety of data type is only going to get more complex as time moves forward. This data is crucial to modern organizations if they want to remain competitive and profitable.
    • Understanding Gibson's Paradox

      Gruber, Marshall
      Gibson’s paradox has confounded economists for decades. Observing data regarding interest rates and inflation over hundreds of years, the prediction that interest rates and inflation would be positively correlated has proven false. Stranger yet, the predicted correlation actually does hold true and the paradox fades away when countries have abandoned the gold standard, only for it to return without explanation. Alfred Herbert Gibson, who first noted the paradox and for whom it is named, attempted to resolve the paradox by theorizing that the correlation. Would be delayed as interest rates would slowly react to the inflation rate. John Maynard Keynes and Milton Friedman, perhaps the two biggest names in economics in the twentieth century, also attempted to resolve the paradox with different theories. Alas, the data has not supported any of the theories proposed. This project proposes a new revision to Irving Fisher’s original theory in an attempt to explain some of the fluctuations of interest rates over the past two centuries.
    • Conducting an Inventory with Shared Print in Mind

      Michaels, Sherri; Neel, Becca
      A physical inventory of the open stacks collection at Indiana University was conducted to determine the rate of error in the corresponding bibliographic records. The inventory was started to address some errors that were found when materials were pulled for offsite storage, but took on an increased importance as participation in shared print programs increased. This article describes the methodology used to conduct the inventory, as well as the rate of error found in the records for a large, open stack collection. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Collection Management on September 9, 2020 available online: Inventory dataset available at:
    • Utilizing Video-Based Trainings to Improve Decision Making in High School Quarterbacks

      Powless, Matthew D.; Steinfeldt, Jesse A.; Fisher, Shelbi E.; McFadden, Patrick; Kennedy, Kyle W.; Bellini, Scott
      Despite working memory capacity’s (WMC) role in decision-making, there is a dearth of empirical literature concerned with working memory and how it relates to tactical decision-making in sport. The temporal occlusion paradigm has often been used by sport researchers to improve tactical decision-making and, thus, provides a well-established foundation for creating decision-making trainings. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to explore the implementation of computer-based learning modules to improve the tactical decision-making of four high school quarterbacks with varying levels of WMC, utilizing a single-subject, multiple baseline design. The learning modules utilized a temporal occlusion paradigm and present a novel intervention aimed at improving decision-making in quarterbacks. Data were analyzed using visual analysis and improvement rate difference (IRD). Overall, results did not demonstrate a causal relationship between changes in accuracy of decision-making after implementation of the learning modules, but did provide moderate evidence for improvement in reaction time for decision-making due to the learning modules. The learning modules were met with positive perceptions from the four participants, and the participant with the lowest WMC showed evidence of improvement in both accuracy and speed of decision-making. Limitations as well as implications will be discussed.
    • Herman B Wells Library Inventory Dataset, May 2015-December 2018

      Neel, Becca; Michaels, Sherri
      This dataset documents the bibliographic, status, and physical location errors discovered during the May 2015 - December 2018 inventory cycle of the Herman B Wells Library's physical collections. Data was collected and is organized by call number range.
    • The Influence of Confucianism on the Emergence and Regulation of Nonprofits in China

      Engbers, Trent
      In 2009, The Ministry of Civil Affairs (MoCA) of the People’s Republic of China commissioned a study of international experiences with the use of direct and indirect public policies for nonprofit organizations to deliver social and human services. While the study does produce a number of practical and interesting policy recommendations for the MoCA, there is an inherent problem with this type of research in that it assumes that lessons learned from one county context can be applied to other political and cultural domains without recognizing the unique cultural elements that shape the policy context. In China, a major cultural consideration is the influence of Confucian and Neo-Confucian traditions and beliefs. The Confucian tradition with its focus on the group over the individual and on responsibilities over rights seems to be highly conducive to fostering a robust system of nonprofit organizations (Fukuyama, 1995). However, the conclusion of this paper is the influence of Confucianism is complex and that is sometimes helps and sometimes hinders the development of the nonprofit sector. This study examines four Confucian values (Shu 恕, Ren 仁, Li 礼 and Wu lun 五伦) and their impact on the sector today.
    • Meat and Mental Health: a Systematic Review of Meat Abstention and Depression, Anxiety, and Related Phenomena

      Dobersek, Urska; Wy, Gabrielle; Adkins, Joshua; Altmeyer, Sydney; Krout, Kaitlin; Lavie, Carl; Archer, Edward
      Objective: To examine the relation between the consumption or avoidance of meat and psychological health and well-being. Methods: A systematic search of online databases (PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL Plus, Medline, and Cochrane Library) was conducted for primary research examining psychological health in meat-consumers and meat-abstainers. Inclusion criteria were the provision of a clear distinction between meat-consumers and meat-abstainers, and data on factors related to psychological health. Studies examining meat consumption as a continuous or multi-level variable were excluded. Summary data were compiled, and qualitative analyses of methodologic rigor were conducted. The main outcome was the disparity in the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and related conditions in meat-consumers versus meat-abstainers. Secondary outcomes included mood and self-harm behaviors Results: Eighteen studies met the inclusion/exclusion criteria; representing 160,257 participants (85,843 females and 73,232 males) with 149,559 meat-consumers and 8584 meat-abstainers (11 to 96 years) from multiple geographic regions. Analysis of methodologic rigor revealed that the studies ranged from low to severe risk of bias with high to very low confidence in results. Eleven of the 18 studies demonstrated that meat-abstention was associated with poorer psychological health, four studies were equivocal, and three showed that meat-abstainers had better outcomes. The most rigorous studies demonstrated that the prevalence or risk of depression and/or anxiety were significantly greater in participants who avoided meat consumption. Conclusion: Studies examining the relation between the consumption or avoidance of meat and psychological health varied substantially in methodologic rigor, validity of interpretation, and confidence in results. The majority of studies, and especially the higher quality studies, showed that those who avoided meat consumption had significantly higher rates or risk of depression, anxiety, and/or self-harm behaviors. There was mixed evidence for temporal relations, but study designs and a lack of rigor precluded inferences of causal relations. Our study does not support meat avoidance as a strategy to benefit psychological health.
    • 3rd Annual Graduate Student Colloquium

      USI Graduate Studies
      In an effort to make this third annual Graduate Student Colloquium more accessible to our increasingly large number of students, both online as well as those on-campus, we have selected as its theme Accessibility. This theme also reflects the University of Southern Indiana’s 2015-2020 Strategic Plan, which included “access by design” as one of its three strategic goals. As the university transitions to its third strategic plan, we take this opportunity to celebrate Accessibility in all of its manifestations.
    • Advanced Care Planning: An Option for Quality End-of-Life Care

      Oliveira de Almeida, Taynara
      What is it? It would be inconceivable to any American to be forced to do something or be subjected to any treatment they disagree about. This is not the reality to many Americans, however, who face their last moments. Unfortunately, many Americans are still subjected to treatments, procedures, and medication they have not authorized. Advance Care Planning (ACP) is a process about reflection of goals and values and communicating them to family or friends to guarantee a patient’s wishes can be met if they are incapable in a life threating illness or an unexpected event. ACP is for every patient, their family, and the healthcare professionals involved in their care (McMahan, Knight, Fried & Sudore, 2013; Howard, et al., 2015; Respecting Choices, 2011). Legality According to the Universal Declaration of Bioethics and Human Rights (2006), no interest should overcome the well-being of an individual. The Declaration of Human Rights (1998), states that no one should go under inhumane or degrading treatment. The right to choose what treatments patients would like to receive or not is also defended by the bioethical principle of autonomy and the Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA) (1990), a federal law that should be complied in order to people can control decisions that affect their health. Benefits Allowing patients to choose what care they would like to receive in their final moments of life guarantees dignity. By preventing unwanted treatments and procedures and guaranteeing their most important wishes. Preventing them to go under treatments that are not beneficial for them and guaranteeing they will have things that are really important to them (Houben, Spruit, Groenen, Wouters,  & Janssen, 2014). It is not possible to scientifically prove the benefits of ACP, but considering that ACP proposes a dialogue between a patient and those involve in their care, it shows benefits their relationship and prevents disagreements when the time to call for actions arrives (Kolarik, Arnold, Fischer & Tulsky, 2002, Sudore, et al., 2017). Howard, M., Bernard, C., Tan, A., Slaven, M., Klein, D., & Heyland, D. K. (2015). Advance care planning: Let’s start sooner. Canadian Family Physician, 61, 663–665. Houben, C. H. M., Spruit, M. A., Groenen, M. T. J., Wouters, E. F. M., & Janssen, D. J. A. (2014). Efficacy of advance care planning: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 15(7), 1–13. Kolarik, R. C., Arnold, R. M., Fischer, G. S., & Tulsky, J. A. (2002). Objectives for Advance Care Planning. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 5(5), 697–704. McMahan, R. D., Knight, S. J., Fried, T. R., & Sudore, R. L. (2013). Advance care planning beyond advance directives: Perspectives from patients and surrogates. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 46(3), 355–365. Organização das Nações Unidas. (1998). Declaração Universal dos Direitos Humanos. Brasília. Respecting Choices. (2011). First Steps ACP Interview Tool. United States of America. Sudore, R. L., Lum, H. D., You, J. J., Hanson, L. C., Meier, D. E., & Pantilat, S. Z. (2017). Defining advance care planning for adults: a consensus definition from a multidisciplinary delphi panel. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 53(5), 821–832. The Patient Self-Determination Act. A matter of life and death. - PubMed - NCBI. ([s.d.]). Retrieved February 17th ,2020, from UNESCO. (2006). Declaração Universal sobre Bioética e Direitos Humanos. Lisboa. U.S. Congress: Patient Self-Determination Act. Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA), Pub L 101- 508 (1990).
    • Accessibility, Inclusivity and the Bottom Line

      Head, Jennifer
      Rationale: Corporate culture aspires to maximize the collective productivity and synergy of its employees as a means to achieve desired financial results. Objectives: This poster examines the influence of Critical Disability Theory on corporate values and hierarchies, and the deliberate and balancing force that mindful, sustained cultures of inclusivity and accessibility have on the ultimate success of corporations.  Methods: The methodologies reflected in this research include surveys, interviews, case studies and analysis of public financial results. Results: There is a positive relationship between inclusivity and organizational performance.  Deloitte reports organizations with inclusive cultures are twice as likely to meet or exceed financial targets and Gompers and Kovvali found venture capital firms with a 10% increase in female partner hires translated to a 1.5% increase in overall fund returns and 9.7% more profitable exits, where the baseline is 28.8% profitable exists for venture capital investments. Conclusions: Active commitment to a culture of inclusivity and accessibility makes a measurable and sustained impact on both productivity and innovation.  The most successful organizations have not only reexamined and adjusted their policies, but have most critically committed to ongoing, purposeful training and exercises reinforcing the tenets of inclusivity.  
    • Nonprofit's Online Accountability: Does Subsector Affect Online Accountability?

      Yaro, Fatin
      Since the big scandals that hit the nonprofit sector (United Way, Red Cross), it has more and more become an expectation for organizations to disclose information online. Those include financial statements, annual reports, Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Form 990, just to name a few. The development of the internet and social media has made it easier to be accountable and transparent to the general public. The literature on nonprofits & online accountability has proven that organizations are affected by their size, age, asset, and revenue. An analysis of nonprofit & online accountability by subsector has not yet been conducted. This study aims to investigate how subsector (health, education, arts and culture, and human services) influences how accountable and transparent nonprofits are with their stakeholders and the general public.
    • Students with Invisible Disabilities in Higher Education

      Johnson, Hannah
      Accessibility is rooted in equality. Spaces become more accessible to marginalized groups when platforms are created, and the impacted populations are given decision making power. Inviting underrepresented communities into the conversation- and giving space for them to speak uncontested- is necessary if we are to achieve true accessibility.  According to Ryan and Bauman (2016) students with disabilities face significant challenges to completing their postsecondary education. Only 16.7% of students with disabilities succeed at earning a bachelor’s degree, compared to 34.9% of the general population. (Deckoff-Jones & Duell, 2018). Measures have been taken by various large universities to increase access for students with disabilities; however too often students with invisible disabilities go without proper accommodations. There are a striking number of cases of students who are unaware of their disability until enrolling in college. All students deserve to attend an institution that provides necessary accommodations without a lengthy waiting period or administrative obstacles. Educators at a university level should be compelled to create an environment conducive to students of all abilities; or be willing to make reasonable accommodations for students with a physical or cognitive impairment. A student’s academic performance should not suffer because of their inability and an educator’s unwillingness to collaborate.  This presentation will offer ideas to faculty, staff, and administration regarding accessibility for students with disabilities in higher education. This collective research focuses on accessibility in the classroom, campus, and engaging administrators to recognize the dire need to increase accessibility measures. This presentation aims to offer insight into helping university students with disabilities to be successful from the perspective of a graduate student with an invisible disability in the social work department.  References Deckoff-Jones, A., & Duell, M. (2018). Perceptions of Appropriateness of Accommodations for University Students: Does Disability Type Matter?. Rehabilitation Psychology, 63(1), 68-76.